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What is Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia?

What is Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia?

  • Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is characterized by an abnormal immune system response which leads to the destruction of red blood cells and hence anemia. The severity of the condition varies depending on the underlying cause e.g. cytomegalovirus, hepatitis, HIV and lupus. The condition may develop gradually or occur suddenly and cause serious symptoms.

Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia, or a subtype of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: Introduction

Types of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia:

Types of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia:

  • Warm autoantibody type AHA
  • Cold autoantibody type AHA
  • Cold hemagglutinin disease
  • Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria (PCH)
  • Drug-induced AHA
  • more types...»

Broader types of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia:

How many people get Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia?

Incidence (annual) of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: 1 per 80,000 cases to 2.6 per 100,000 (as reported in Rose and Mackay 19981)
Incidence Rate of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: approx 1 in 80,000 or 0.00% or 3,400 people in USA [about data]

Who gets Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia?

Gender Ratio for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: female predominance

How serious is Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia?

Prognosis of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: The prognosis varies depending on the underlying cause and whether symptoms are managed in an appropriate and timely manner.
Complications of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: see complications of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

What causes Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia?

Causes of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: see causes of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
Cause of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: rifampicin

What are the symptoms of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia?

Symptoms of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: see symptoms of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

Complications of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: see complications of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

Onset of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: more common in people over the age of 40

Can anyone else get Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia?

Contagion of autoimmunity: generally not; see details in contagion of autoimmune diseases.

Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: Allergist/Immunologist, Hematologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia.
Treatments for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: see treatments for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
Research for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: see research for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

Organs Affected by Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia:

Organs and body systems related to Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia include:

Name and Aliases of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

Main name of condition: Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

Class of Condition for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: autoimmune

Other names or spellings for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia:

AHA, AIHA, Anemia, hemolytic, autoimmune, Acquired autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Idiopathic autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Familial auto-immune hemolytic anemia (subtype), Immuno-hemolytic anemia

Acquired autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Anemia, hemolytic, autoimmune, Familial auto-immune hemolytic anemia (subtype), Idiopathic autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Immuno-hemolytic anemia
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia:



Footnotes:
1. The Autoimmune Diseases, Noel R. Rose, Ian R. Mackay, 1998
 

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