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Diseases » Autonomic neuropathy » Glossary
 

Glossary for Autonomic neuropathy

  • Amyloidosis: A rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage and is potentially fatal. Symptoms depend on the organs involved. There are numerous forms of the condition: primary amyloidosis, secondary amyloidosis, hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis and familial amyloidosis.
  • Amyloidosis, Familial: Amyloidosis is a rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage. In the familial form, the type of amyloid involved is usually a plasma protein called transthyretin. The main parts of the body affected are the nerves, heart and kidneys.
  • Amyloidosis, Inherited: Amyloidosis is a rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage. In the inherited form, the type of amyloid involved is usually a plasma protein called transthyretin. The main parts of the body affected are the nerves, heart and kidneys.
  • Autonomic nerve disorders: A disorder of the nervous system concerned with regulation of activity of cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, and glands, usually restricted to the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems
  • Autonomic neuropathy: A disorder of the nervous system concerned with regulation of activity of cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, and glands, usually restricted to the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems
  • Bradbury-Eggleston syndrome: A syndrome mainly involving reduced blood pressure, lightheadedness or fainting on standing, dizziness and visual disturbances that is associated with a degeneration of the autonomic nerve system. It is most common in older males. Symptoms tend to be worse in the morning, after eating, after exercise or in hot weather.
  • Diabetes: Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
  • Diabetes-like neuropathy symptoms: Also known as peripheral neuropathy. It is a typical presentation of diabetes but can be a presentation of other diseases too.
  • Diabetic Diarrhea: Diarrhea that occurs in diabetics as a result of the damage done by diabetes to the digestive system. Digestive system damage is caused by intestinal neuropathy (damage to intestinal nerves) or bacterial overgrowth or both.
  • Diabetic Gastroparesis: Gastroparesis is a diabetic complication that occurs from neuropathy of the stomach nerve (called the "vagus nerve"). This causes digestive difficulties as the food starts to move too slowly through the stomach.
  • Diabetic neuropathy: Nerve damage from diabetes affecting any body part; most commonly feet.
  • Diaphoresis: Excessive sweating.
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Dysautonomia: Disorder of the autonomic nervous system
  • Dysautonomia like disorder: A very rare condition observed in two sibling and characterized mainly by mental retardation and autonomic neuropathy. The sense of taste is normal.
  • Dysphagia: Dysphagia refers to difficulty in swallowing.
  • Eye neuropathy: Neuropathy of the eye nerves
  • Fabry's Disease: Genetic fat storage disorder
  • Frey's syndrome: A rare condition where the ears and/or cheeks become flushed or sweaty upon eating spicy, hot or bitter substances or chocolate. Injury to the facial nerve near the parotic gland causes the condition.
  • Gastroparesis: Slow stomach emptying from stomach nerve damage
  • Hyperthermia: Hyperthermia is an increase in body temperature in the context of an unchanged thermoregulatory point in the brain.
  • Impotence: Inability to attain or sustain an erection.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Neurogenic bladder: Problems with the nerves controlling the bladder and urination.
  • Neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Neuropathy congenital sensory neurotrophic keratitis: A recessively inherited nerve disease which affects sensation and the eyes. Neurotrophic keratitis is a degenerative eye disease caused by damage to the trigeminal nerve. The lack of sensation in the limbs results in frequent damage to the tissues as the patient is unaware of pain or temperature.
  • Orthostatic hypotension: Sudden low blood pressure when a person stands up or changes posture.
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration: Disorders of the cerebellum associated with tumors. The cerebellum is the part of the brain that controls coordination. It is believed that the body's immune system's attempt to destroy the tumor results in damage to the cerebellum. The main tumors associated with this condition include lung and breast cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma and reproductive organ tumors.
  • Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis: Limbic encephalitis is an inflammation of the limbic system which is the part of the brain responsible for basic autonomic functions. In the paraneoplastic type, the inflammation is caused by cancers such as small cell lung cancer.
  • Peripheral vascular disease: Disease of arteries supplying the legs or sometimes arms
  • Portuguese type amyloidosis: An inherited form of systemic amyloidosis which involves deposits of a substance called amyloid throughout various parts of the body.
  • Sexual dysfunction: Any dysfunction of sexual activity
  • Sexual neuropathy: Nerve damage resulting in reduced sexual function in men or women
  • Sinus tachycardia: A condition which is characterized by a fast heart rate
  • Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord: Gradual spinal cord degeneration
  • Swallowing Difficulty: Difficulty or pain when swallowing
  • Syncope: Temporary loss of conciousness or fainting.
  • Transthyretin amyloidosis: Amyloidosis is a rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage. In the transthyretin form, the amyloid protein consists of transthretin. The condition is characterized by slo-progressing peripheral sensorimotor and autonomic neuropathy, kidney disease and heart disease. Abnormal amyloid deposits may also occur in the eyes and central nervous system. There are a number of subtypes of the disorder: familial oculoleptomeningeal amyloidosis, familial amyloid polyneuropathy and familial amyloid cardiomypathy as well as others. Neuropathic symptoms tend to start in the legs. Symptoms may vary depending on which parts of the body are affected.
  • Type 1 diabetes: Severe insulin-treated diabetes typically occurring in young people.
  • Type 2 diabetes: Most common diabetes in adults, usually progressing slowly, mostly treated without insulin at diagnosis.
  • Urinary Incontinence: Reduced ability to control urine flow.
  • Urine retention: Partial or total inability to excrete urine
  • Vaginal Dryness: Vaginal dryness interfering with sex.
  • Vascular neuropathy: Neuropathy affecting the nerves controlling blood vessels
  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency: A deficiency of Vitamin B12 primarily causes anemias the body is unable to make sufficient quantities of normal red blood cells. Severe cases can lead to permanent nervous system problems. The vitamin B12 deficiency can result from absorption problems, insufficient dietary intake, certain medications (e.g. metformin), inherited conditions (e.g. transcobalamin deficiency) and certain chronic parasitic intestinal infestations.

 

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