Facts About Cardiovascular Disease: CDC-OC
Article title: Facts About Cardiovascular Disease: CDC-OC
Conditions: Cardiovascular Disease, Heart disease, stroke, Coronary heart disease
Facts About Cardiovascular
June 27, 1997
Cardiovascular Disease in Louisiana
- Cardiovascular disease includes heart disease and stroke. About 57
million Americans live with some form of cardiovascular disease, which
causes more than 40% of all deaths in the United States; 950,000
Americans every year. Heart disease and stroke cost the nation almost
$260 billion annually.
- Heart disease is the leading cause of death for older Americans, and
is the leading cause of death for all Americans age 35 and older.
Coronary heart disease (CHD), also known as ischemic heart disease, is
the most frequent cause of death in the United States -- accounting for
481,458 deaths in 1994.
- Death rates from CHD decreased dramatically during the 1960s and
1970s, with slower declines occurring during the 1980s. The recent data
for the 1990s indicate that the rate of decline in CHD deaths is
continuing to slow down. These slowdowns in the rate of the decline of
heart disease deaths may mean that progress in reducing these deaths is
in jeopardy. Proven current programs and policies may need to be
strengthened such as:
- Widespread availability of affordable heart healthy foods,
- Cigarette smoking prevention and cessation activities that address
the social, economic, and marketing aspects of tobacco use,
- Enhanced opportunities for physical activity among all Americans,
- Utilization of medical care facilities for prevention of
hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol.
- From 1991 through 1994, Louisiana men and women aged 45 years and
older had the second and third highest average annual age-adjusted death
rate from cardiovascular disease in the United States.
- In a study using 1991-1995 data from the Louisiana Behavior Risk
Factor Surveillance System, it was found that:
- High blood pressure was the most prevalent cardiovascular disease
risk factor in both men and women aged 45 and older. It is known that
less than 25% of those with high blood pressure have it under control.
Strategies to prevent high blood pressure include weight control,
moderate physical activity, and limiting salt and alcohol intake
- Nearly three-fourths of all Louisianans aged 45 and older had at
least one of four major risk factors for heart disease: hypertension,
high cholesterol, diabetes, and obesity.
This page last reviewed 06/29/1999
Disease Control and Prevention
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