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Articles » NINDS Central Pain Syndrome Information Page: NINDS
 

NINDS Central Pain Syndrome Information Page: NINDS

Article title: NINDS Central Pain Syndrome Information Page: NINDS

Conditions: Central Pain Syndrome


What is Central Pain Syndrome?
Central pain syndrome is a neurological condition caused by damage specifically to the central nervous system (CNS) brain, brainstem, or spinal cord. The pain is steady and is usually described as a burning, aching, or cutting sensation. Occasionally there may be brief, intolerable bursts of sharp pain. Central pain is characterized by a mixture of pain sensations, the most prominent being constant burning. Mingled with the burning are sensations of cold, "pins and needles" tingling, and nerve proximity (like that of a dental probe on an exposed nerve). The steady burning sensation is increased significantly by any light touch. Patients are somewhat numb in the areas affected by this burning pain. The burning and loss of touch appreciation are usually most severe on the distant parts of the body, such as the feet or hands. Pain may be moderate to severe in intensity and is often exacerbated by movement and temperature changes, usually cold temperatures. Central pain syndrome may develop months or even years after injury or damage to the CNS. The disorder occurs in patients who have, or have had, strokes, multiple sclerosis, limb amputations, or brain or spinal cord injuries.

Is there any treatment?
Pain medications often provide little or no relief for those affected by central pain syndrome. Tricyclic antidepressants, such as nortriptyline, or anticonvulsants such as gabapentin can be useful in this condition. Patients should be sedated and the nervous system should be kept quiet and as free from stress as possible.

What is the prognosis?
Central pain syndrome is not a fatal disorder. But for the majority of patients, the syndrome causes intractable pain and much suffering.

What research is being done?
NINDS vigorously pursues a research program seeking new treatments for pain and nerve damage with the ultimate goal of reversing debilitating conditions such as central pain syndrome. NINDS has notified research investigators that it is seeking grant applications both in basic and clinical pain research.

 Organizations

American Chronic Pain Association (ACPA)
P.O. Box 850
Rocklin, CA 95677-0850
ACPA@pacbell.net
https://www.theacpa.org/
Tel: 916-632-0922
Fax: 916-632-3208

National Chronic Pain Outreach Association (NCPOA)
P.O. Box 274
Millboro, VA 24460
ncpoa@cfw.com
Tel: 540-862-9437
Fax: 540-862-9485

National Foundation for the Treatment of Pain
1330 Skyline Drive
#21
Monterey, CA 93940
mgordon@mbay.net
https://www.paincare.org/
Tel: 831-655-8812
Fax: 831-655-2823

This fact sheet is in the public domain. You may copy it.Provided by:
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, MD 20892


 

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