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Diseases » Bacteremia » Glossary

Glossary for Bacteremia

  • Abscess: General name for any pus-filled lump or swelling
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Bartonella infections: Infection with bacteria from the Bartonella genus of bacteria. Specific bacteria from within this group are Bartonella bacilliforms (Oroya fever), Bartonella Heneslae (Cat-scratch disease). Other conditions caused by this bacteria are endocarditis, bacteremia and angiomatosis. Symptoms vary depending on the type of bacteria involved and the severity of the infection - immunocompromised patients face greater risk of severe infection.
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Campylobacter hylointestinalis infection: Campylobacter hyloinstesinalis is a food borne bacterial infection which may cause mild to severe gastroenteritis. Cattle, pigs, hamsters and deer are the main source of this bacteria.
  • Campylobacter jejuni subspecies doylei infection: A bacterial infection that involves bacteria from the Campylobacter family. It tends to cause gastrointestinal symptoms.
  • Campylobacter sputorum infection: A bacterial infection that involves bacteria from the Campylobacter family. It tends to cause gastrointestinal symptoms.
  • Capnocytophaga: A bacterial infection caused by Capnocytophaga canimorsus which is often found in normal healthy cats and dogs. The infections tends to occur mainly in immunocompromised patients, alcoholics or patients who have chronic respiratory disease or have had their spleen removed. The eyes are particularly sensitive to this infection. The incubation period can be as long as eight days.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Diaphoresis: Excessive sweating.
  • Drug-resistant Streptococcus Pneumoniae Disease: Streptococcal respiratory infection resistant to antibiotics
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Flavimonas oryzihabitans: A very rare bacterial infection that is most likely to occur in immunocompromised patients or through the use of catheters. Flavimonas oryzihabitans was previous known as Pseudomonas oryzihabitans.
  • Group A Streptococcal Infections: "Strep" bacteria responsible for strep throat, impetigo and some other strep conditions.
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Helicobacter cinaedi infection: Helicobacter cinaedi is a food borne bacterial infection which may cause mild to severe gastroenteritis.
  • Helicobacter fenneliae infection: Helicobacter fenneliae is a food borne bacterial infection which may cause mild to severe gastroenteritis.
  • High fever: Where a patient has an elevated temperature
  • Hypothermia: Low body temperature
  • Hypoxemia: low oxygen levels in the arterial blood in the body
  • Joint pain: Pain affecting the joints
  • Listeriosis: Bacterial food poisoning
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Moraxella catarrhalis infection: An infectious disease caused by Moraxella catarrhalis. Moraxella catarrhalis can be found in the upper respiratory tract and is often harmless and asymptomatic. However, it can also cause ear infections and sinusitis, bronchopulmonary infection as well as other infections.
  • Osteomyelitis: A bone inflammation caused by bacteria. The inflammation usually originates in another part of the body and is transported to the bone via the blood.
  • Peritonitis: Inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity
  • Pneumococcal pneumonia: Lung pneumnoia from streptococcus bacteria.
  • Pneumococcus: Bacteria causing ear infections, pneumococcal pneumonia, and pneumococcal meningitis.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Rapid breathing: Excessively rapid breathing
  • Sepsis: The presence of pathological micro-organisms in the blood
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Streptococcal Group B invasive disease: Infection with bacteria called Group B Streptococcus which can cause severe symptoms or even death. The bacteria occur in the stomach and the urogenital tract of females and are normally harmless and cause no symptoms. However, it can cause a range of diseases in newborns, the elderly and people with poor immune systems.
  • Streptococcal Infections: Various "strep" bacterial infections.
  • Systemic disorders: Any condition that occurs in a system of the body
  • Tachycardia: Excessively rapid heart beat.
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
  • Yersiniosis: A condition which is characterized by infectious diarrhea, enteritis, ileitis and occasionally septicaemia


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