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Glossary for Bacterial endocarditis

  • Abnormal Heart Rhythm: An abnormal way of the heart beating
  • Atrioventricular septal defect: A congenital heart defect where the valves and walls between the upper and lower heart chambers (atrial and ventricular septa and the atrioventricular valves) don't develop properly. Symptoms are determined by the severity of the malformation.
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Barrett syndrome: Barrett's syndrome refers to cellular changes in the lower portion of the oesophagus as a result of chronic reflux. The changes in the cells of the esophagus can lead to cancer of the esophagus (adenocarcinoma).
  • Blood clots: Multiple coagulums that are located in the blood stream due to the aggregation of blood factors
  • Brain abscess: Pus accumulating into an abscess on the brain
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chills: Excessive feeling of coldness.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Cor Triatriatum: A rare congenital malformation where the heart has three atria instead of the normal two due to the presence of a separating membrane.
  • Ductus arteriosus, patent reversed flow: A rare birth defect. During the fetal stage, a connecting tube (ductus arteriosus) joins the pulmonary artery and aorta and hence prevents blood from flowing past the fluid filled lungs. After birth, the tube normally closes off so that the blood can be sent to the lungs to be oxygenated. Patent ductus arteriosus is where the connecting tube fails to close and hence the blood can't be oxygenated properly. In the patent reversed flow form of the condition, blood flow is reversed between the pulmonary and aorta opening and results in a reduced pulmonary flow.
  • Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Glomerulonephritis: Kidney disease where the kidney's have problems removing waste material and excessive fluid.
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • Jaundice: Bile or liver problem causing yellowness.
  • Mitral-valve prolapse: A common heart condition that is often harmless.
  • Night sweats: Night sweats is the occurrence of excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis) during sleep. The sufferer may or may not also suffer from excessive perspiration while awake.
  • Osler's nodes: A condition characterized by a small raised and tender cutaneous lesion that is characteristic of subacute bacterial endocarditis
  • Patent ductus arteriosus: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a congenital heart defect wherein a child's ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth.
  • Persistent patency of the arterial duct: A congenital heart defect wherein a child's arterial duct fails to close after birth.
  • Poor appetite: Loss or reduction in appetite for food
  • Rheumatic fever: An inflammatory disorder that can occur as a complication of untreated streptococcal bacterial infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever. The condition may affect the brain, skin, heart and joints.
  • Rheumatic heart disease: Chronic heart condition due to heart damage from rheumatic fever
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever: A bacterial disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and transmitted by ticks. The condition causes fever and a characteristic rash and may be fatal in severe or untreated cases.
  • Roth's spots: are retinal haemorrhages with white or pale centers
  • Stroke: Serious brain event from bleeding or blood clots.


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