Treatments for Bacterial meningitis
Treatments for Bacterial meningitis:
The first step in treating bacterial meningitis is preventing its occurrence and spread. A vaccine to prevent acute bacterial meningitis caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis is available for children and certain persons at risk for the disease. They include travelers who go to high risk areas of the world and people, such as military personnel and college students, who live in crowded situations. Vaccination may also be recommended for some health care professionals who are at risk for exposure to bacterial meningitis.
Prevention of the spread of bacterial meningitis also includes frequent hand washing and covering the mouth and nose with a tissue when sneezing or coughing.
Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency, because it can rapidly result in permanent, serious complications and death within days. Treatment includes hospitalization, generally in an intensive care setting. Immediate administration of intravenous antibiotics is vital to effectively treat bacterial meningitis that is caused by bacteria before complications arise. Complications, such as brain swelling (cerebral edema), seizures, and coma also need aggressive intensive care treatment and often life support measures.
People who have had close contact with a person with bacterial meningitis, such as family members, friends, schoolmates, roommates, and health care workers, may also need to be treated for the disease, even in the absence of symptoms.
Treatment List for Bacterial meningitis
The list of treatments mentioned in various sources
for Bacterial meningitis
includes the following list.
Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment
or change in treatment plans.
- Emergency hospitalization
- Measures to reduce pressure within the brain. If meningitis is causing pressure within the brain, corticosteroid medicines such as dexamethasone may be given to adults or children
- Measures to reduce fever. Medicines such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), fluids, and good room ventilation reduce fever
- Measures to prevent seizures. Medicines such as phenobarbital or dilantin can help stop seizures
- Oxygen therapy
- Monitoring fluids
Bacterial meningitis: Is the Diagnosis Correct?
The first step in getting correct treatment is
to get a correct diagnosis.
Differential diagnosis list for Bacterial meningitis may include:
Hidden causes of Bacterial meningitis may be incorrectly diagnosed:
Bacterial meningitis: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers
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Drugs and Medications used to treat Bacterial meningitis:
Note:You must always seek professional medical advice about any prescription drug, OTC drug, medication, treatment
or change in treatment plans.
Some of the different medications used in the treatment of Bacterial meningitis include:
- Meropenem - mainly used in infants for meningitis caused by S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae and N. meningitidis
- Merrem - mainly used in infants for meningitis caused by S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae and N. meningitidis
- Merrem I.V - mainly used in infants for meningitis caused by S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae and N. meningitidis
Latest treatments for Bacterial meningitis:
The following are some of the latest treatments for Bacterial meningitis:
Hospital statistics for Bacterial meningitis:
These medical statistics relate to hospitals, hospitalization and Bacterial meningitis:
- 0.005% (692) of hospital consultant episodes were for pneumococcal meningitis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 74% of hospital consultant episodes for pneumococcal meningitis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 53% of hospital consultant episodes for pneumococcal meningitis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 47% of hospital consultant episodes for pneumococcal meningitis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
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Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Bacterial meningitis
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Discussion of treatments for Bacterial meningitis:
Bacterial meningitis can be treated with a number of effective
antibiotics. It is important, however, that treatment be started
early in the course of the disease. Appropriate antibiotic treatment
of most common types of bacterial meningitis should reduce the
risk of dying from meningitis to below 15%, although the risk
is higher among the elderly. (Source: excerpt from Meningococcal Disease (General): DBMD
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