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Treatments for Beta thalassemia

Treatment List for Beta thalassemia

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Beta thalassemia includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • Mild cases may require no treatment. Regular blood transfusions are required in more severe cases. Removal (chelation) of iron buildup in body due to blood transfusion, folic acid supplements, surgical removal of spleen or allogeneic hematopoietic transplant may be helpful in some cases. Genetic counseling is recommended
  • Blood transfusions, removal (chelation) of iron buildup in body due to blood transfusion, folic acid supplements, surgical removal of spleen or stem cell transplant. Genetic counseling is recommended
  • Treatment of beta thalassemia depends on whether the patient is heterozygous (thalassemia minor) or Homozygous (thalassemia major) Treatments include:
    • No treatment - for those with thalassemia minor
    • Blood transfusion - lifelong for those with the severe homozygous form
    • Chelation therapy - to manage iron overload related to frequent blood transfusions
    • Management of Vitamin E and folate deficiency often associated with severe forms of thalassemia
    • Stem cell transplantation - used in selected patients
    • Splenectomy - may be indicated in patients with high transfusion requirements
    • Genetic counselling

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