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Diseases » Birth asphyxia » Glossary

Glossary for Birth asphyxia

  • Anencephaly: A birth defect where most or all of the brain is missing - most die before birth. Usually the associated portions of skull and other tissue are also missing.
  • Asphyxia: Inability to breath and suffocation
  • Asphyxia neonatorum: A condition where a newborn infant fails to start breathing on its own in the minutes following birth.
  • Cerebral Palsy: Any brain disorder causing movement disability
  • Childbirth: Delivery of a fetus by a pregnant woman.
  • Cystic Hygroma: A progressive condition characterized by a sac filled with lymphatic fluid that forms in the lymphatic system, usually at the nape of the neck but sometimes in other parts of the body.
  • Death conditions: Conditions that can result in death.
  • Gestational diabetes: Diabetes that occurs in pregnant women, usually resolving after birth.
  • Hydrocephalus: A rare condition where the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid is impaired by dilated brain ventricles which causes the fluid to accumulate in the skull and hence result in increased brain pressure.
  • Infant health conditions: Medical conditions typically affecting infants (including newborns and babies under one year old).
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Oligohydramnios: A deficiency in the amount of amniotic fluid in the gestational sac during pregnancy
  • Osteomalacia: A condition where the bones gradually soften and bend due to poor calcification stemming from a lack or impaired metabolism of vitamin D.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a congenital heart defect wherein a child's ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth.
  • Pelvic fracture: A fracture in the bone of the pelvis
  • Polyhydramnios: Excess amniotic fluid around a fetus in the womb. The condition may occur as a result of gastrointestinal, neurological, lung or other disorders. Mild cases are asymptomatic but more severe cases can result in problems for the mother and the baby.
  • Pregnancy-related conditions: Any condition that is related to or caused by pregnancy
  • Spina bifida: A birth defect where the spinal vertebrae do not completely enclose the spinal cord often resulting in various degrees of nerve damage.
  • Women-only conditions: Conditions affecting women (females), but not males.
  • Womens health conditions: Medical conditions related to women's health.


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