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Diseases » Bladder Cancer » Glossary

Glossary for Bladder Cancer

  • Ascites: Fluid accumulation in abdominal cavity
  • Benign Prostate Hyperplasia: Non-cancerous prostrate enlargement common with aging
  • Bladder conditions: Any condition affecting the bladder
  • Bladder papilloma: Benign tumor in the bladder
  • Blood in urine: Hematuria is blood in the urine.
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Cystitis: Bladder infection or inflammation
  • Darkened urine: Discoloration or darkening of urine color.
  • Dysuria: Painful urination
  • Enlarged prostate: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland that may restrict the flow of urine from the bladder.
  • Exercise: The use of the human muscles to improve ones health
  • Frequent urination: Urinating more often than normal
  • Human carcinogen -- Benzidine: Benzidine is a chemical deemed to be carcinogenic to humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the nature (e.g. inhalation, ingestion, skin contact), duration and level of exposure.
  • Human carcinogen -- Cyclophosphamide: Cyclophosphamide is a chemical deemed to be carcinogenic to humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the nature (e.g. inhalation, ingestion, skin contact), duration and level of exposure. Cyclophosphamide exposure is associated mainly with an increased risk of developing leukemia.
  • Impotence: Inability to attain or sustain an erection.
  • Infertility: The inability to produce offspring
  • Interstitial cystitis: A rare condition involving inflammatory disease of the bladder which progresses slowly.
  • Kidney Cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the kidneys
  • Menopause: The end of female menstruation and fertility.
  • Occupational Cancer -- Bladder cancer: Occupational exposure to naphthylamine can increase the risk of developing bladder cancer.
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Pelvic Cancer: Any malignancy that is located in the anatomical location of the pelvis
  • Pelvic conditions: Any medical condition affecting the pelvic region.
  • Pelvic mass: A mass that is palpable within the pelvis on examination.
  • Prostate Cancer: Cancer of the prostate.
  • Reduced urine: Reduced volume or strength of urine output
  • Sarcoma botryoides: An aggressive form of cancer that arises from embryonic muscle cells. The tumor resembles a bunch of grapes and tends to occur in the genitourinary tract. Common locations are the cervix, vagina and bladder and very rare cases can occur in the bile duct or the soft tissues of the head and neck. It occurs most often in female infants and young children. Symptoms will vary depending on the exact location of the tumor.
  • Schistosomiasis: Parasitic fluke infection in developing countries
  • Surgical errors/complications: Any error or complication that arises from surgery
  • Transitional cell carcinoma: A type of cancer that occurs in the lining of the urinary system organs (renal pelvis, bladder or ureter).
  • Urinary disorders: Any disorder that affects the urinary system
  • Urinary stones: Stones in the urinary tract or bladder.
  • Urinary system cancer: A malignancy that affects the urinary system
  • Urinary system conditions: Medical conditions affecting urination, urinary organs or the urinary system.
  • Urinary urgency: Excessive or frequent urges to urinate
  • Urination pain: Urinary pain or burning related to urination (dysuria)
  • Urine retention: Partial or total inability to excrete urine
  • Urogenital tumors: Any tumor of the urinary or genital organs, whether cancerous or benign.
  • Vagina cancer: Cancer of the vagina.


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