Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.

Bladder Cancer

Bladder Cancer: Introduction

Bladder cancer is a type of malignancy that occurs when there is an uncontrolled growth of cancer cells that forms a malignant tumor in the bladder. Bladder cancer is one of the most common types of cancer, but bladder cancer is not as likely to spread to other parts of the body (metastasize) are some forms of cancer, such as ovarian cancer and prostate cancer. However, bladder cancer has a high risk of recurring after treatment.

Bladder cancer is most treatable and curable if caught in the earliest stage of the disease. Untreated and/or advanced bladder cancer can spread from the lining of the inside of the bladder into the deeper tissues of the bladder muscle and nearby organs, such as the prostate and uterus. In the most advanced stages, bladder cancer can spread through the pelvic lymph nodes and blood to other organs, such as the liver, lungs and bones and form another cancerous tumor. This is called metastasis.

The bladder is an organ located in the pelvis that stores urine. Symptoms of bladder cancer include a frequent, urgent need to urinate (frequency, urgency) and a variety of other symptoms. Complications of bladder cancer can result in additional symptoms. For more details on complications and other key symptoms, refer to symptoms of bladder cancer.

People at risk for developing bladder cancer include smokers and people who have a chronic, ongoing bladder infection. People who have had certain types of chemotherapy, radiation therapy for cervical cancer, and exposure to certain chemicals, especially arylamines, are also at risk for bladder cancer. Men get bladder cancer more often than women.

Diagnosing bladder cancer begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms and risk factors for bladder cancer. Diagnosis also includes completing a physical examination that concentrates on the bladder and urinary and reproductive systems.

A test on the urine, called an urinanalysis, is performed to check for blood in the urine (hematuria) and to rule-out certain other conditions with similar symptoms, such as a bladder infection. Imaging tests, such as CT scan, ultrasound scan, and/or MRI, may be ordered to create a computerized picture of the inside of the bladder.

A procedure called a cystoscopy, another imaging test, may be performed. In a cystoscopy, the inside of the bladder is visualized directly through a special instrument called a cystoscope. The cystoscope is a small tube that is inserted into the bladder through the urethra. During a cystoscopy, the physician may be able to remove a small bladder tumor. A sample of cells or tissues from the bladder tumor is then examined under a microscope for the presence of cancer cells to confirm a diagnosis.

The prognosis for people with bladder cancer varies depending on the stage of advancement of the cancer and other factors. Additional treatment of bladder cancer may include surgery, medications, and chemotherapy. For more details about treatment, refer to treatment of bladder cancer.

A diagnosis of bladder cancer can be missed or delayed because some symptoms of bladder cancer are similar to symptoms of other conditions. For more information about other diseases, disorders and conditions that can mimic bladder cancer, refer to misdiagnosis of bladder cancer. ...more »

Bladder Cancer: Bladder cancer refers to any of several types of malignant growths of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which abnormal cells multiply without control in the bladder. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Bladder Cancer is available below.

Bladder Cancer: Symptoms

The hallmark symptom of bladder cancer is a frequent, urgent need to urinate (frequency, urgency). Frequency may result in the release of only small amounts of urine, and there may be blood in the urine (hematuria). There may or may not be pain during urination, and pain may occur just after urination.

Additional symptoms may include abdominal pain, bone pain, ...more symptoms »

Bladder Cancer: Treatments

Treatment of bladder cancer starts with prevention. Preventive measures include not smoking and avoiding exposure to carcinogens, especially chemicals called arylamines, which increase the risk of developing bladder cancer. Prompt and effective treatment of bladder infections is also important in preventing bladder cancer.

Prevention of bladder cancer also includes seeking ...more treatments »

Bladder Cancer: Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis of bladder cancer can be delayed or missed because some symptoms of bladder cancer can be similar to symptoms of other diseases or conditions. These include urinary tract infection, bladder infection, cystitis, pyelonephritis, overactive bladder, stress incontinence, and some sexually transmitted diseases. ...more misdiagnosis »

Symptoms of Bladder Cancer

Treatments for Bladder Cancer

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Bladder Cancer:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Bladder Cancer?

Bladder Cancer: Related Patient Stories

Bladder Cancer: Deaths

Read more about Deaths and Bladder Cancer.

Alternative Treatments for Bladder Cancer

Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed in various sources as possibly beneficial for Bladder Cancer may include:

Types of Bladder Cancer

  • Type of bladder cell affected:
    • Transitional cell carcinoma (bladder) - more than 90% of cases
    • Squamous cell carcinomas (bladder) - about 8% of cases.
  • Stage of spreading of cancer:
    • Superficial bladder cancer - only in the lining cells; also called "carcinoma in situ".
  • more types...»

Diagnostic Tests for Bladder Cancer

Test for Bladder Cancer in your own home

Click for Tests

Bladder Cancer: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to Bladder Cancer:

Causes of Bladder Cancer

  • Tobacco smoking
  • Occupations at risk are metal industry workers, rubber industry workers, workers in the textile industry, and people who work in printing, auto mechanics have an elevated risk of bladder cancer due to their frequent exposure to hydrocarbons and petroleum-based chemicals. Hairdressers are thought to be at risk as well because of their frequent exposure to permanent hair dyes
  • Certain drugs such as cyclophosphamide and phenacetin
  • Chronic bladder irritation (infection, bladder stones, catheters, bilharzia) predisposes to squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder
  • more causes...»

More information about causes of Bladder Cancer:

Disease Topics Related To Bladder Cancer

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Bladder Cancer:

Bladder Cancer: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Bladder Cancer

Spitz nevi misdiagnosed as dangerous melanoma skin cancer: One possible misdiagnosis to consider in lieu of melanoma is spitz nevi. See melanoma and spitz more »

Interstitial cystitis an under-diagnosed bladder condition: The medical condition of interstitial cystitic is a bladder condition that can be misdiagnosed as various conditions more »

Bladder Cancer: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Bladder Cancer

Research quality ratings and patient safety measures for medical facilities in specialties related to Bladder Cancer:

Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Bladder Cancer, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

Bladder Cancer: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Evidence Based Medicine Research for Bladder Cancer

Medical research articles related to Bladder Cancer include:

Click here to find more evidence-based articles on the TRIP Database

Prognosis for Bladder Cancer

Research about Bladder Cancer

Visit our research pages for current research about Bladder Cancer treatments.

Clinical Trials for Bladder Cancer

The US based website lists information on both federally and privately supported clinical trials using human volunteers.

Some of the clinical trials listed on for Bladder Cancer include:

Statistics for Bladder Cancer

Bladder Cancer: Broader Related Topics

Bladder Cancer Message Boards

Related forums and medical stories:

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Bladder Cancer, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Definitions of Bladder Cancer:

Abnormal malignant growth of the cells within the bladder. - 2003 - (Source - Diseases Database)

Bladder Cancer is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Bladder Cancer, or a subtype of Bladder Cancer, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)


By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise