Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
Diseases » Bladder Cancer » Risk Factors

Risk Factors for Bladder Cancer

List of Risk Factors for Bladder Cancer

The list of risk factors mentioned for Bladder Cancer in various sources includes:

Risk factors discussion:

What You Need To Know About Cancer -- An Overview: NCI (Excerpt)

Cigarette smokers are also more likely than nonsmokers to develop several other types of cancer, including oral cancer and cancers of the larynx, esophagus, pancreas, bladder, kidney, and cervix. Smoking may also increase the likelihood of developing cancers of the stomach, liver, prostate, colon, and rectum. The risk of cancer begins to decrease soon after a smoker quits, and the risk continues to decline gradually each year after quitting. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Cancer -- An Overview: NCI)

What You Need To Know About Bladder Cancer: NCI (Excerpt)

People who get bladder cancer are more likely than other people to have certain risk factors . A risk factor is something that increases a person's chance of developing the disease.

Still, most people with known risk factors do not get bladder cancer, and many who do get this disease have none of these factors. Doctors can seldom explain why one person gets this cancer and another does not.

Studies have found the following risk factors for bladder cancer:

  • Age. The chance of getting bladder cancer goes up as people get older. People under 40 rarely get this disease.

  • Tobacco. The use of tobacco is a major risk factor. Cigarette smokers are two to three times more likely than nonsmokers to get bladder cancer. Pipe and cigar smokers are also at increased risk.

  • Occupation. Some workers have a higher risk of getting bladder cancer because of carcinogens in the workplace. Workers in the rubber, chemical, and leather industries are at risk. So are hairdressers, machinists, metal workers, printers, painters, textile workers, and truck drivers.

  • Infections. Being infected with certain parasites increases the risk of bladder cancer. These parasites are common in tropical areas but not in the United States.

  • Treatment with cyclophosphamide or arsenic . These drugs are used to treat cancer and some other conditions. They raise the risk of bladder cancer.

  • Race. Whites get bladder cancer twice as often as African Americans and Hispanics. The lowest rates are among Asians.

  • Being a man. Men are two to three times more likely than women to get bladder cancer.

  • Family history. People with family members who have bladder cancer are more likely to get the disease. Researchers are studying changes in certain genes that may increase the risk of bladder cancer.

  • Personal history of bladder cancer. People who have had bladder cancer have an increased chance of getting the disease again.

Chlorine is added to water to make it safe to drink. It kills deadly bacteria. However, chlorine by-products sometimes can form in chlorinated water. Researchers have been studying chlorine by-products for more than 25 years. So far, there is no proof that chlorinated water causes bladder cancer in people. Studies continue to look at this question.

Some studies have found that saccharin, an artificial sweetener, causes bladder cancer in animals. However, research does not show that saccharin causes cancer in people.

People who think they may be at risk for bladder cancer should discuss this concern with their doctor. The doctor may suggest ways to reduce the risk and can plan an appropriate schedule for checkups. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Bladder Cancer: NCI)

Risks factors for Bladder Cancer: medical news summaries:

The following medical news items are relevant to risk factors for Bladder Cancer:

About risk factors:

Risk factors for Bladder Cancer are factors that do not seem to be a direct cause of the disease, but seem to be associated in some way. Having a risk factor for Bladder Cancer makes the chances of getting a condition higher but does not always lead to Bladder Cancer. Also, the absence of any risk factors or having a protective factor does not necessarily guard you against getting Bladder Cancer. For general information and a list of risk factors, see the risk center.


By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise