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Types of Bladder Cancer

Bladder Cancer: Types list

The list of types of Bladder Cancer mentioned in various sources includes:

  • Type of bladder cell affected:
    • Transitional cell carcinoma (bladder) - more than 90% of cases
    • Squamous cell carcinomas (bladder) - about 8% of cases.
  • Stage of spreading of cancer:
    • Superficial bladder cancer - only in the lining cells; also called "carcinoma in situ".
    • Invasive bladder cancer - moving into the bladder.
    • Stage 0 bladder cancer - "superficial bladder cancer" of the lining cells only.
    • Stage 1 bladder cancer - deeper in the lining of the bladder than Stage 0 but not yet in the bladder muscle wall.
    • Stage 2 bladder cancer - cancer cells in the bladder muscle wall.
    • Stage 3 bladder cancer - spread from bladder muscle wall into local area (e.g. prostate for men, uterus for women)
    • Stage 4 bladder cancer - cancer has spread to the abdominal wall or pelvic, and may have metastasized to other areas (e.g. lungs).
  • Grade of the cancer - the level of "differentiation" of the cells, which affects how quickly they grow.
  • Bladder adenocarcinoma
  • Bladder urachryl tumors
  • Urethral tumors
  • Bladder benign papilloma

Types discussion:

If bladder cancer is diagnosed, the doctor needs to know the stage , or extent, of the disease to plan the best treatment. Staging is a careful attempt to find out whether the cancer has invaded the bladder wall, whether the disease has spread, and if so, to what parts of the body.

The doctor may determine the stage of bladder cancer at the time of diagnosis, or may need to give the patient more tests. Such tests may include imaging tests -- CT scan , magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) , sonogram , intravenous pyelogram , bone scan , or chest x-ray. Sometimes staging is not complete until the patient has surgery .

These are the main features of each stage of the disease:

  • Stage 0 -- The cancer cells are found only on the surface of the inner lining of the bladder. The doctor may call this superficial cancer or carcinoma in situ.

  • Stage I -- The cancer cells are found deep in the inner lining of the bladder. They have not spread to the muscle of the bladder.

  • Stage II -- The cancer cells have spread to the muscle of the bladder.

  • Stage III -- The cancer cells have spread through the muscular wall of the bladder to the layer of tissue surrounding the bladder. The cancer cells may have spread to the prostate (in men) or to the uterus or vagina (in women).

  • Stage IV -- The cancer extends to the wall of the abdomen or to the wall of the pelvis. The cancer cells may have spread to lymph nodes and other parts of the body far away from the bladder, such as the lungs.

(Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Bladder Cancer: NCI)

Bladder Cancer: Rare Types

Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:

Bladder Cancer: Related Disease Topics

More general medical disease topics related to Bladder Cancer include:

Research More About Bladder Cancer

 

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