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Bleeding Gums

Bleeding Gums: Introduction

Bleeding gums are a symptom of a variety of mild to serious diseases, disorders and conditions. Bleeding gums can result from vitamin deficiencies, infection, inflammation, trauma, malignancy and other diseases and abnormal processes.

Bleeding gums can occur in any age group or population. Bleeding gums can be the result of a mild condition, such as excessive or overly aggressive tooth brushing. Bleeding gums can also be the result of a moderate condition, disorder or disease, such as gingivitis or hormonal changes of pregnancy. Bleeding gums can also occur due o some diseases, disorders and conditions that can be serious, even life-threatening. These include hemophilia, oral cancer and leukemia.

Depending on the cause, bleeding gums can be short-term and disappear quickly, such as when bleeding gums occurs due to ill-fitting dentures that are replaced by properly fitting dentures. Bleeding gums can also occur chronically or long-term, such as bleeding gums that happens with periodontal disease that is not treated.

Bleeding gums can be the result of a wide variety of other conditions, including trauma to the mouth, teeth or gums, and as a side effect of certain medications, such as aspirin. For more details about causes, see causes of bleeding gums.

Bleeding gums often occur in conjunction with other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition. Other common symptoms include mouth pain, bad breath, jaw swelling, tooth fracture and bleeding from other areas such as the nose (epistaxis).

Complications of excessive bleeding gums include nausea and vomiting due to the swallowing of blood. More serious complications can include anemia and hypovolemic shock. The underlying disorder, disease or condition can also cause complications.

Diagnosing bleeding gums and its root cause begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination. This includes an oral examination and oral X-rays. A full dental examination, performed by a dentist and/or periodontist (a specialist in periodontal disease) is generally recommended as well.

Making a diagnosis of bleeding gums also includes performing a variety of other tests to help to diagnose potential underlying diseases, conditions or disorders, such as hemophilia, oral cancer and leukemia.

Depending on the suspected cause, tests can include blood tests, biopsy of lesions or tumors, and imaging tests, such as, CT scan and MRI.

A diagnosis of bleeding gums and its cause can easily be delayed or missed because bleeding gums may be mild or intermittent and for other reasons. For information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of bleeding gums.

Treatment of bleeding gums varies based on the underlying cause. Some conditions can be easily and successfully treated and cured, while others may require more intensive treatment and may not have an optimal prognosis. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of bleeding gums. ...more »

Bleeding Gums: Treatments

Treatment of bleeding gums begins with prevention. This includes seeking regular dental care (twice yearly) and maintaining good oral hygiene, such as brushing the teeth at least twice a day and flossing once a day.

Treatment plans for bleeding gums are individualized based on the underlying cause, the presence of coexisting diseases, the age and medical history of the ...more treatments »

Bleeding Gums: Misdiagnosis

Diagnosing bleeding gums and its cause may be delayed or missed because in some cases, bleeding gums may not be severe enough for a person to seek medical care. Bleeding gums is a symptom of many different conditions, so a thorough medical evaluation is needed to ensure an accurate diagnosis of the reason for bleeding gums. ...more misdiagnosis »

Symptoms of Bleeding Gums

Treatments for Bleeding Gums

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Bleeding Gums:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Bleeding Gums?

Alternative Treatments for Bleeding Gums

Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed in various sources as possibly beneficial for Bleeding Gums may include:

Causes of Bleeding Gums

Read more about causes of Bleeding Gums.

More information about causes of Bleeding Gums:

Misdiagnosis and Bleeding Gums

Unnecessary hysterectomies due to undiagnosed bleeding disorder in women: The bleeding disorder called Von Willebrand's disease is quite common in women, but often fails to be more »

Bleeding Gums: Research Doctors & Specialists

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Hospitals & Clinics: Bleeding Gums

Research quality ratings and patient safety measures for medical facilities in specialties related to Bleeding Gums:

Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Bleeding Gums, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

Bleeding Gums: Animations

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