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Glossary for Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

  • Alpers Syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by liver disease, seizures and progressive, episodic psychomotor retardation.
  • Athetosis: Slow, continuous, involuntary writhing movements. Usually the hands and feet are involved but the face, tongue, neck and other muscle groups may also be involved.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Degenerative conditions: Diseases characterized by a progressive and degenerative decline.
  • Dementia: Various mental impairment conditions.
  • Fatal familial insomnia: A very rare inherited brain disease that severely affects sleep and causes progressive deterioration of mental and movement functions.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Muscle atrophy: Decrease in size and bulk of muscle.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Prion diseases: Various diseases caused by abnormal proteins (prions) in the brain.
  • Spastic dysarthria: A motor speech disorder where damage to the brain or spinal cord affects the muscles involved in speech. Causes include stroke, tumor and accidents.
  • Tremor: Involuntary trembling most commonly of the hands.
  • Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: The bovine spongiform encephalopathy affects cattle but the variant form can infect humans. Human infection can occur by consuming infected cattle products, especially the brain and other central nervous system tissues.
  • Zoonotic Diseases: When a condition is transmitted through a zoonotic organisms


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