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Diseases » Bowel conditions » Glossary

Glossary for Bowel conditions

  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Abdominal pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Amebic dysentery: Ameba-caused bacterial bowel infection and ulceration.
  • Bleeding symptoms: Any type of bleeding symptoms.
  • Bowel Obstruction: Blockage in the bowel of the digestive tract.
  • Chronic digestive diseases: Any disorder causing ongoing chronic digestive complaints.
  • Colitis: Inflammation of the colon
  • Colon conditions: Any condition affecting the colon
  • Colonic volvulus: Twisting of the colon.
  • Colorectal Polyps: Polyp growths in the colon or rectum.
  • Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
  • Constipation: Difficult or dry bowel movements
  • Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
  • Diarrhea: Loose or watery stool.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Diverticular Disease: Protrusions of the colon wall (diverticulosis) or their inflammation (diverticulitis)
  • Dysentery: A general term for various bacterial digestive disorders.
  • Familial polyposis: Rare genetic disease causing multiple colorectal polyps
  • Fecal impaction: Impaction of hard stool in the bowel
  • Fecal incontinence: Leaking or poorly controlled bowel motions
  • Hernia: General term for an organ protruding where it should not.
  • Hirschsprung's disease: A rare condition where abnormalities in the bowel muscles prevent it from contracting normally and pushing the fecal matter through which results in obstruction and dilation of the bowel.
  • Incontinence: The loss of control of ones bowel and or bladder function
  • Infectious Diarrhea: Infectious digestive infections causing diarrhea.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
  • Intestinal Conditions: Conditions that affect the intestines
  • Intestinal obstruction: Blockage in the intestines of the digestive tract.
  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction: A digestive disorder where the intestines are unable to contract normally and push food through the digestive system. This results in symptoms similar to an obstruction and hence the name pseudo-obstruction. The walls of the affected gastrointestinal tract becomes thin and the muscles that control its motion start to degenerate.
  • Intussusception: Bowel folding into itself sometimes creating bowel obstruction
  • Irritable bowel syndrome: Spasms in the colon wall
  • Kaposi's Sarcoma: Kaposi's sarcoma is a cancerous tumor of the connective tissue, and is often associated with AIDS.
  • Malabsorption: Failure to digest nutrients properly
  • Megacolon: Extreme bowel distention
  • Mesothelioma: Type of lung cancer associated with asbestos.
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by the development of numerous benign nodules on the inside lining of the intestinal wall as well as excess skin pigmentation usually around the lips and inner lining of the mouth.
  • Pinworm: Small, threadlike parasitic worms mainly in colon and rectum
  • Shigellosis: An infectious disease which affects the intestinal tract and is caused by the Shigella bacteria. The condition may be severe, especially in children, but may be asymptomatic in some cases. The disease can be transmitted through fecal-oral contact.
  • Short Bowel Syndrome: Disorder of shortened bowel usually from bowel surgery.
  • Sudden Digestive Conditions: Various forms of sudden acute digestive upset.
  • Tenesmus: feeling of incomplete evacuation of bowel
  • Traveler's diarrhea: Various diarrheal conditions often caught on international travel.
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
  • Viral dysentery: Contagious epidemic viral form of dysentery.
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.


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