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Diseases » Brain abscess » Glossary

Glossary for Brain abscess

  • Abscess: General name for any pus-filled lump or swelling
  • Alcoholism: Alcoholism is the compulsive urge to drink alcohol despite knowing the negative impact on one's health.
  • Amebic dysentery: Ameba-caused bacterial bowel infection and ulceration.
  • Amoebiasis: An infectious disease caused by a free-living amoebic parasite called Entamoeba histolytica. The organism infects the bowel and causes gastroenteritis. Infection occurs through ingesting contaminated food or water. It is more common in countries with poor sanitation. The incubation period may last from days to weeks before symptoms appear.
  • Aphasia: Language difficulty usually from brain damage or stroke.
  • Bacterial endocarditis: Infection and inflammation of the inner layers of the heart, most commonly the valves cause by bacteria.
  • Brain cancer: Cancer of the brain.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Candidiasis: Fungal infection of moist areas such as mouth or vagina
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Confusion: Mental confusion and impaired thinking.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Cystitis: Bladder infection or inflammation
  • Disturbed vision: Where one has a problem with their vision
  • Drug abuse: Addiction to any of various illicit drugs.
  • E-coli food poisoning: Type of bacterial food poisoning
  • Ear infection: An infection that affects the ear
  • Encephalitis: Dangerous infection of the brain
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hemiparesis: One-sided paralysis of the body
  • Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by epistaxes and multiple telangiectases.
  • Hydrocephalus: A rare condition where the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid is impaired by dilated brain ventricles which causes the fluid to accumulate in the skull and hence result in increased brain pressure.
  • Infective endocarditis: The infection and inflammation of the inner heart layers, especially the valves. The infection is usually bacterial. The condition carries a high risk of death.
  • Lemierre's syndrome: A very rare condition where a throat infection leads to secondary infection and blood clot formation in the internal jugular vein. The infected blood clot can then travel to other parts of the body and cause problems. The usual bacterial culprit is Fusobacterium necrophorum.
  • Listeriosis -- granulomatous infantiseptica: Listeria monocytogenes infection that is transmitted from a pregnant woman to the fetus.
  • Mastoiditis: Inflammation of a bone behind the ear
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Meningococcal disease: Dangerous bacterial infection causing meningitis or bacteremia.
  • Middle ear infection: Infection of middle ear also called otitis media.
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Neurological disorders related to AIDS: It usually occurs due to decreased immunity.
  • Nocardiosis: A rare infectious disease caused by the bacteria Nocardia asteroides which primarily affects the lung but may also involve the brain, soft tissues and other organs.
  • Pulmonary arterio-veinous aneurysm: A very rare disorder where there is an abnormal opening between a pulmonary artery and vein which can affect blood oxygenation.
  • Rhodococcus equi: A rare form of bacterial infection that usually affects horses and foals but can cause infection mainly in immunocompromised people. Infection usually starts at the site of some sort of trauma. Symptoms and severity may vary considerably depending on the location and extent of the infection.
  • Sciatica: Sciatica is a set of symptoms including pain that may be caused by general compression and/or irritation of one of five nerve roots that give rise to the sciatic nerve, or by compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve itself.
  • Severe headache: A condition which is characterized by a severe headache
  • Sinusitis: Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
  • Staphylococcal infection: Any infection caused by the bacteria staphylococcal
  • Streptococcal Infections: Various "strep" bacterial infections.
  • Tumor: Any type of lump or swelling (not just cancers)
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: Any type of infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Vague symptoms: Vague, unclear, mild or non-specific symptoms
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.
  • Wound Infection: Infection of a skin wound.


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