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Diseases » Cancer » Summary
 

What is Cancer?

What is Cancer?

Cancer is a general term for a group of diseases that occur when there is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal ...more »

  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Cancer: A tumor composed of atypical neoplastic, often pleomorphic cells that invade other tissues. Malignant neoplasms usually metastasize to distant anatomic sites and may recur after excision. The most common malignant neoplasms are carcinomas (adenocarcinomas or squamous cell carcinomas), Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, leukemias, melanomas, and sarcomas. -- 2004
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Cancer: any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Cancer: Introduction

Types of Cancer:

Types of Cancer:

Broader types of Cancer:

How many people get Cancer?

Incidence (annual) of Cancer: 1,248,900 annual cases (SEER 2002 estimate)
Incidence Rate of Cancer: approx 1 in 217 or 0.46% or 1.2 million people in USA [about data]
Lifetime risk of Cancer: about 1 in 3 lifetime risk; 38% of women and 43% of men (Canadian Cancer Statistics, National Cancer Institute of Canada, 2004)

Who gets Cancer?

Gender Profile for Cancer: Equally males and females.

How serious is Cancer?

Complications of Cancer: see complications of Cancer
Average life years lost for Cancer: 15.0 years for cancers (SEER); 16.5 in North Carolina1; 7.8 average YPLL/person for cancer in Michigan2.
Deaths for Cancer: 555,500 annual deaths (SEER 2002 estimate)
Cause of death rank for Cancer: 2nd top cause of death in 1999 and 2000 (CDC)

What causes Cancer?

Causes of Cancer: see causes of Cancer
Causes of Cancer: Cancer occurs when cell division gets out of control. Usually, the timing of cell division is under strict constraint, involving a network of signals that work together to say when a cell can divide, how often it should happen and how errors can be fixed. (Source: Genes and Disease by the National Center for Biotechnology)
Risk factors for Cancer: see risk factors for Cancer

What are the symptoms of Cancer?

Symptoms of Cancer: see symptoms of Cancer

Complications of Cancer: see complications of Cancer

Can anyone else get Cancer?

Contagion of cancer: generally not; see details in contagion of cancer.
More information: see contagiousness of Cancer
Inheritance: see inheritance of Cancer

Cancer: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Cancer.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Cancer.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Cancer: see treatments for Cancer
Alternative treatments for Cancer: see alternative treatments for Cancer
Prevention of Cancer: see prevention of Cancer
Research for Cancer: see research for Cancer

Society issues for Cancer


Cost statistics for Cancer: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Cancer:

  • $14.2 billion for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $2.5 billion in direct costs for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $1.8 billion in hospital care for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $210 million spent on treatment drugs for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $80 million spent on research for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $11.8 billion in indirect spending for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • more statistics...»

Hospitalizations for Cancer: 1,414,000 cases in USA 1995; average length of stay was 7.3 days in USA 1995 (US Government Statistics)

Hospitalization statistics for Cancer: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Cancer:
  • 133,482 admissions to private hospitals for procedures on chemotherapy and radiation oncology in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 135,535 admissions to public hospitals for procedures on chemotherapy and radiation Oncology in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 210,738 patient days spent in private hospitals were for chemotherapy and radiation oncology in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 354,832 patient days spent in public hospitals for procedures in chemotherapy and radiation oncology in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 81.7% of hospitalisations for procedures on chemotherapy and radiation Oncology were single day in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 90.7% of hospitalisations for procedures on chemotherapy and radiation oncology were single day in private hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 2.4 million visits were made to a hospital outpatient department for cancer in the US 2001 (National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey 2001 Summary, NCHS, CDC)
  • more statistics...»


Physician office visit statistics for Cancer: The following are statistics from various sources about physician office visits and Cancer:
  • 16 million visits were made to a physician’s office for cancer in the US 2001 (National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey 2001 Summary, NCHS, CDC)
  • 2.4 million visits were made to a hospital outpatient department for cancer in the US 2001 (National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey 2001 Summary, NCHS, CDC)
  • 15,987,000 people visited a physician’s office for malignant neoplasms in the US 2001 (National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2001)
  • more statistics...»

Name and Aliases of Cancer

Main name of condition: Cancer

Class of Condition for Cancer: cancer

Other names or spellings for Cancer:

Carcinoma, malignant neoplasm

Neoplasia, malignant, Malignant neoplastic conditions Source - Diseases Database

Malignant neoplastic disease, Malignant tumor, Metastatic tumor
Source - WordNet 2.1

Cancer: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Cancer:



Footnotes:
1. Years of Potential Life Lost in North Carolina, NCMJ March/April 2002, Volume 63, Number 2
2. Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, MDCH, Michigan, USA
 

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