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Candidiasis: Introduction

Candidiasis is a yeast infection that is caused by a fungal microorganism, most often the fungus Candida albicans. Candidiasis is also known as thrush and can cause yeast infections in many areas of the body. These commonly include the mouth (oral thrust), the vagina (vaginal yeast infection, vaginal thrush) and the digestive tract (gastroenteritis). Candidiasis can also be a symptom of a serious disease, such as HIV/AIDS or diabetes.

The fungal yeast that causes most cases of candidiasis, Candida albicans, normally lives in some places in the body, such as the mouth and vagina, in a certain balance with other microorganisms, such as bacteria. However, some factors or conditions may result in an overgrowth of Candida albicans or other fungi.

People at risk for candidiasis include those taking strong antibiotics, especially for a long period of time. Antibiotics kill bacteria, which can alter the balance of microorganisms in the mouth, vagina, intestines and other places in the body and result in a proliferation of yeast.

People with weakened immune systems are also more likely to develop candidiasis and have recurrent bouts of yeast infection. This includes people with HIV/AIDS or those taking steroid medications or on chemotherapy, which all suppress the immune system. People with diabetes are more likely to develop candidiasis because the elevated level of sugar in the body provide food for yeast and encourage its overgrowth. Other people at risk include the very young and very old.

Candidiasis causes a variety of symptoms, depending on the area of the body affected. For more information on symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of candidiasis.

Making a diagnosis of candidiasis includes performing a complete medical evaluation and history and physical examination that focuses on the area of the body with symptoms. Diagnosis is generally made based on the typical appearance of the candidiasis sores, vaginal discharge or other symptoms and a history of factors that make a yeast infection likely. Diagnostic testing may include taking a small sample or swab of the infected area and examining it under a microscope to confirm an overgrowth of yeast.

It is possible that a diagnosis of candidiasis can be missed or delayed because symptoms may be mild and for other reasons. For more information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of candidiasis.

Candidiasis can be successfully treated with an individualized treatment plan that best fits the area of the body affected and the patient's age, medical history, and addresses underlying risk factors, such as diabetes. Treatment may include eating certain foods and medication. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of candidiasis. ...more »

Candidiasis: Fungal infection of moist areas such as mouth or vagina. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Candidiasis is available below.

Candidiasis: Symptoms

Symptoms of candidiasis differ depending on the severity of the infection and the area of the body affected. Symptoms of a mouth yeast infection (oral thrush) include the development of yellow-white patchy lesions in the mouth and on the tongue. The sores are raised and may also appear in the throat as well. The patches may become sore and raw, and it may become painful and difficult to swallow. ...more symptoms »

Candidiasis: Treatments

The most effective treatment plan for candidiasis uses a multifaceted approach. The first step in treatment is prevention. Prevention measures include maintaining good oral and peri-anal hygiene and using antibiotics only when truly needed. This can help minimize candidiasis that is due to an overgrowth of yeast resulting from antibiotic use.

To prevent transmission of candidiasis ...more treatments »

Candidiasis: Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis of candidiasis begins with taking a thorough health history, including symptoms, and performing a physical exam that focuses on the area of the body that is having symptoms. A diagnosis of candidiasis may be overlooked or delayed because symptoms may be mild in some people or may be attributed to other causes, such as canker sores, cold sores, minor vaginal ...more misdiagnosis »

Symptoms of Candidiasis

Treatments for Candidiasis

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Candidiasis:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Candidiasis?

Candidiasis: Related Patient Stories

Candidiasis: Deaths

Read more about Deaths and Candidiasis.

Alternative Treatments for Candidiasis

Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed in various sources as possibly beneficial for Candidiasis may include:

Types of Candidiasis

Candidiasis: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to Candidiasis:

Causes of Candidiasis

More information about causes of Candidiasis:

Disease Topics Related To Candidiasis

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Candidiasis:

Candidiasis: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Candidiasis

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Candidiasis: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Candidiasis

Research quality ratings and patient safety measures for medical facilities in specialties related to Candidiasis:

Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Candidiasis, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

Candidiasis: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Latest Treatments for Candidiasis

Candidiasis: Animations

Research about Candidiasis

Visit our research pages for current research about Candidiasis treatments.

Clinical Trials for Candidiasis

The US based website lists information on both federally and privately supported clinical trials using human volunteers.

Some of the clinical trials listed on for Candidiasis include:

Statistics for Candidiasis

Candidiasis: Broader Related Topics

Candidiasis Message Boards

Related forums and medical stories:

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Candidiasis, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Definitions of Candidiasis:

A unicellular budding fungus which is the principal pathogenic species causing CANDIDIASIS (moniliasis). - (Source - Diseases Database)

An infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans) - (Source - WordNet 2.1)


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