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Diseases » Cardiomegaly » Glossary
 

Glossary for Cardiomegaly

  • 1q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Aortic coarctation: A rare inherited birth defect where the heart blood vessel called the aorta has a narrowed area which affects blood flow. The degree of constriction is variable which mild cases asymptomatic until adulthood. The poor blood flow to the lower body gives results in it appearing less developed than that upper body.
  • Candesartan -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Candesartan during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Captopril -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Captopril during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Chagas disease: A parasitic infection caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by insect bites or blood transfusions. The disease primarily involves the heart and gastrointestinal system.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Heart cancer: A malignancy that is located in the heart
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart enlargement: Increased thickness of muscular walls of heart causing an abnormally large sized heart
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • Hemochromatosis: Excess of iron leading to problems with joints, liver, heart and pancreas.
  • Hypertension: High blood pressure
  • Hyperthyroidism: Too much thyroid hormone production.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Heart damage from thickened heart walls.
  • Ischemic heart disease: Heart disease from reduced blood flow to the heart
  • Obesity: An increase in the body weight greater than that required for normal function that is characterised by the accumulation of excessive fat
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath

 

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