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Glossary for Cerebrovascular accident

  • Agnosia: Agnosia is a loss of ability to recognize objects, persons, sounds, shapes, or smells while the specific sense is not defective nor is there any significant memory loss.
  • Aortic dissection: A tear in the inner layer of the aorta (major artery in the body) which allows blood to escape into outer layers of the artery.
  • Aphasia: Language difficulty usually from brain damage or stroke.
  • Ataxia: It is a neurological sign and symptom consisting of gross lack of co-ordination of muscle movements.
  • Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels. It is a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, in large part due to the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low density (especially small particle) lipoproteins (plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high density lipoproteins (HDL). It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.
  • Brain cancer: Cancer of the brain.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Carotid artery stenosis:
  • Cerebral hemorrhage: Bleeding in the brain
  • Cerebral oedema:
  • Cerebrovascular Conditions: Conditions of the brain's blood vessels including stroke.
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Convulsions: Involuntary spasms especially those affecting the full body
  • Decompression sickness: Condition from overly rapid decompression, especially when diving.
  • Difficulty talking: Where ones has a problem with communicating through speech
  • Dissecting aortic aneurysm: aortic dissection is a potentially life-threatening condition in which there is bleeding into and along the wall of the aorta, the major artery leaving the heart
  • Dysarthria: Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder characterized by difficulty forming and expressing words that is the result of injury to or pathology of the nervous system.
  • Dysphasia: Dysphasia refers to difficulty swallowing.
  • Eclampsia: Eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure. The blood pressure can return to normal after delivery or may persist for a period of time.
  • Embolism: Blockage of an artery or blood vessel
  • Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  • Epidural haematoma:
  • Familial hemiplegic migraine:
  • Gliosis: proliferation of astrocytes in the central nervous system in response to injury - resulting in scar formation.
  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome: A rare progressive form of ascending polyneuropathy believed to be an autoimmune response.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hemianopsia: A condition which is characterized by the loss of vision in one half of the visual field
  • Hyperventilation: Excessively rapid breathing causing blood gas imbalances
  • Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar level
  • Interstitial cystitis: A rare condition involving inflammatory disease of the bladder which progresses slowly.
  • Intracranial arteriovenous malformation: A congenital malformation where there is an opening that connects an artery with a vein inside the brain. Severity of symptoms is determined by the extent of the malformation.
  • Malignant hypertension: Malignant hypertension is a condition characterized by very high blood pressure and swelling of the optic nerve. This type of hypertension is more common in people with kidney problems such as narrowed kidney blood vessels. The condition is a medical emergency which can cause organ damage if not treated promptly.
  • Migraine: Chronic recurring headaches with or without a preceding aura.
  • Mitral-valve prolapse: A common heart condition that is often harmless.
  • Moyamoya Disease: Brain blood vessel disorder.
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
  • Muscle weakness: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the muscles to function at their full strenght
  • Ménière's disease: Ear fluid disorder causing balance problems.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Nystagmus: Involuntary jerky eye movements
  • Paralysis: The loss of motor function due to dysfunction of the spinal cord
  • Personality change: Change in a person's behavior and personality
  • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation: A rare malformation where there is an abnormal opening between a lung artery and a lung vein which causes some blood to pass through the lungs without being oxygenated.
  • Sturge-Weber Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by excessive blood vessel growth, calcium accumulation inside the brain and seizures.
  • Subarachnoid haemorrhage: A condition which is characterized by haemorrhage of blood into the subarachnoid space
  • Subdural haematoma:
  • Tingling: Tingling, prickling, or pins-and-needles sensations
  • Transient ischaemic attack:
  • Tremor: Involuntary trembling most commonly of the hands.
  • Vasculitis: Inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel
  • Vertebral Artery Dissection: A tear that develops in the vertebral artery and tends to result in a stroke. It is the most common cause of stroke in young people. Vertebral artery dissections can be caused by trauma to the neck, manipulation of the spine (chiropractics), high blood pressure or even blowing the nose in some cases.
  • Vertigo: The odd balance sensation of inappropriate spinning or movement of the environment


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