Diagnosis of Childhood nephrotic syndrome
Diagnostic Test list for Childhood nephrotic syndrome:
The list of medical tests
mentioned in various sources as
used in the diagnosis of Childhood nephrotic syndrome
Tests and diagnosis discussion for Childhood nephrotic syndrome:
To diagnose childhood nephrotic syndrome, the doctor may ask for a
urine sample to check for protein. The doctor will dip a strip of
chemically treated paper into the urine sample.
|A strip of chemically treated paper will
change color when dipped in urine with too much
much protein in the urine will make the paper change color. Or the doctor
may ask for a 24-hour collection of urine for a more precise measurement
of the protein and other substances in the urine.
The doctor may take a blood sample to see how well the kidneys are
removing wastes. Healthy kidneys remove creatinine and urea nitrogen from
the blood. If the blood contains high levels of these waste products, some
kidney damage may have already occurred. But most children with the
nephrotic syndrome do not have permanent kidney damage.
In some cases, the doctor may want to examine a small piece of the
child's kidney under a microscope to see if substances there are causing
the syndrome. The procedure of collecting a small tissue sample from the
kidney is called a biopsy, and it is usually performed with a long needle
passed through the skin. The child will be awake during the procedure and
receive calming drugs and a local painkiller at the site of the needle
entry. General anesthesia is used in the very rare cases where open
surgery is required. The child will stay overnight in the hospital to rest
and allow the health care team to ensure that no problems occur.
(Source: excerpt from Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome: NIDDK)