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Diseases » Cholera » Glossary

Glossary for Cholera

  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Acidosis: Excess acidic toxins or waste products in the blood
  • Bacteremia: A condition where there is the presence of bacteria in the blood
  • Bacterial digestive infections: Bacterial infections affecting the gastrointestinal
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Carrier conditions: A condition where a person is symptom-free despite a genetic or infectious disease
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dehydration: Loss of fluids in the body
  • Diabetic Diarrhea: Diarrhea that occurs in diabetics as a result of the damage done by diabetes to the digestive system. Digestive system damage is caused by intestinal neuropathy (damage to intestinal nerves) or bacterial overgrowth or both.
  • Diarrhea: Loose or watery stool.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Diseases contagious from contaminated water: Diseases that can be contracted from contaminated water
  • Diseases contagious from food: Diseases that can be contracted from food
  • Food poisoning: Poisoning from a substance or microbe in food.
  • Food-related conditions: Medical conditions related to food ingestion.
  • Isosporiasis: Infection with a type of protozoan parasite (Isoporo belli). Infections tend to occur in tropical countries and AIDS patients are the most susceptible. Healthy individuals tend to recover within weeks whereas the disease persists for months or years in immunocompromised patients and may ultimately result in death. Incubation period is about one week.
  • Microsporidiosis: An infectious disease caused by a certain group of protozoa which form spores (microsporidia) e.g. Encephalitozoon, Enterocytozoon, Nosema, Pleistophora, Trachipleistophora, Vittaforma, Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Enterocytozoan )Septata) intestinalis). The protozoa invade and live inside the hosts cells. The release spores into the gastrointestinal tract where they are excreted and can infect other animals. The infection is often asymptomatic in healthy people but can cause serious symptoms affecting various parts of the body in immunocompromised people.
  • Muscle cramps: A condition which is characterized by the uncontrolled contractions of muscles
  • Salmonella food poisoning: Common type of food poisoning.
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Sudden Digestive Conditions: Various forms of sudden acute digestive upset.
  • Vaccine-preventable diseases: Any disease that can be prevented by the administration of a vaccine
  • Viral gastroenteritis: Virus causing gastroenteritis of digestive tract.
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.
  • Waterborne Diseases: Any diseases that is transmitted through some waterborne agent
  • Watery stool: Watery stool is a form of diarrhea


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