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Diseases » Chronic Hepatitis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Chronic Hepatitis

  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Alcoholic liver disease: Alcoholic liver disease is the major cause of liver disease in Western countries, (in Asian countries, viral hepatitis is the major cause). It arises from the excessive ingestion of alcohol.
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis: Liver inflammation caused due to autoimmune processes where the body's immune system attacks the liver.
  • Biliary cirrhosis: Biliary cirrhosis is a condition where the bile ducts are unable to transport bile effectively due to blockage, inflammation, scarring or some other damage to the bile ducts. The condition may result from such things as congenital defect of the bile ducts (e.g. biliary atresia), cystic fibrosis, gallstones or a variety of other secondary conditions. The cause of primary biliary cirrhosis is not fully understood.
  • Chronic infections: Ongoing and often slow progressing infection; opposite to acute infections.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver: Scarring of the liver from alcohol or other causes.
  • Cytomegalovirus: A easily transmissible viral infection that is common but generally causes no symptoms except in infants and people with weakened immune systems.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Enlarged liver: Swelling of the liver.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • Hereditary Hemochromatosis: A genetic disorder where too much iron is absorbed from food and it is stored in various parts of the body which can cause damage. There are 4 types of hemochromatosis and they are distinguished by age of onset, genetic cause and type of inheritance. Some sufferers may be asymptomatic.
  • Inflammatory conditions that may be pathogenic or non-pathogenic: Medical conditions causing inflammation, whether due to a pathogen (e.g. bacteria, virus), or a systemic or other cause.
  • Jaundice: Bile or liver problem causing yellowness.
  • Leptospirosis: Bacterial infection usually caught from animal urine.
  • Liver cancer: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Liver failure: Acute liver failure (ALF) is an uncommon condition in which the rapid deterioration of liver function results in coagulopathy and alteration in the mental status of a previously healthy individual.
  • Marburg virus: Serious virus related to Ebola.
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • Osteoporosis: Bone thinning and weakening from bone calcium depletion.
  • Portal hypertension: Portal hypertension may be defined as a portal pressure gradient of 12 mm Hg or greater and is often associated with varices and ascites.
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic and progressive cholestatic disease of the liver.
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever: A bacterial disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and transmitted by ticks. The condition causes fever and a characteristic rash and may be fatal in severe or untreated cases.
  • SCID: Major failure of the immune system, usually genetic.
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Secondary syphilis: A condition which is characterized by fever, multiform skin eruptions, iritis, alopecia, mucous patches and severe pain in the head and joints
  • Splenomegaly: Enlarged spleen.
  • Upper abdominal discomfort: The occurrence of the sensation of discomfort which is located in the upper abdomen
  • Viral Hepatitis: hepatitis describes inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis may be caused by alcohol, drugs, autoimmune diseases, metabolic diseases, and viruses. Viral infection accounts for more than half the cases of acute hepatitis.

 

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