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What is Chronic myeloid leukemia?

What is Chronic myeloid leukemia?

  • Chronic myeloid leukemia: Type of leukemia mostly in adults; rarely in children.
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia: The most common chronic myeloproliferative disorder characterized by neutrophilic leukocytosis. It is associated with the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome and/or the BCR/ABL fusion gene. Most patients are middle-aged or elderly. Common findings at presentation include fatigue, weight loss, anemia, night sweats, and splenomegaly. The disease is bi- or triphasic: an initial indolent chronic phase is followed by accelerated or blast phase. Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is currently the only curative therapy (adapted from WHO 2001). -- 2003
    Source - Diseases Database

Chronic myeloid leukemia is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Chronic myeloid leukemia, or a subtype of Chronic myeloid leukemia, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Chronic myeloid leukemia as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Chronic myeloid leukemia: Introduction

Types of Chronic myeloid leukemia:

Broader types of Chronic myeloid leukemia:

How many people get Chronic myeloid leukemia?

Incidence (annual) of Chronic myeloid leukemia: 4,600 new cases for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in the US 2004 (Cancer Facts and Figures, American Cancer Society, 2004)
Incidence Rate of Chronic myeloid leukemia: approx 1 in 59,130 or 0.00% or 4,600 people in USA [about data]

Who gets Chronic myeloid leukemia?

Patient Profile for Chronic myeloid leukemia: Usually in adults; rarely in children.

Profile for Chronic myeloid leukemia: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) occurs mainly in adults. A very small number of children also develop this disease. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Leukemia: NCI)

How serious is Chronic myeloid leukemia?

Complications of Chronic myeloid leukemia: see complications of Chronic myeloid leukemia
Deaths for Chronic myeloid leukemia: 1,570 estimated deaths for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in the US 2004 (Cancer Facts and Figures, American Cancer Society, 2004)

What causes Chronic myeloid leukemia?

Causes of Chronic myeloid leukemia: see causes of Chronic myeloid leukemia

What are the symptoms of Chronic myeloid leukemia?

Symptoms of Chronic myeloid leukemia: see symptoms of Chronic myeloid leukemia

Complications of Chronic myeloid leukemia: see complications of Chronic myeloid leukemia

Can anyone else get Chronic myeloid leukemia?

More information: see contagiousness of Chronic myeloid leukemia
Inheritance: see inheritance of Chronic myeloid leukemia

Chronic myeloid leukemia: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Chronic myeloid leukemia.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Chronic myeloid leukemia.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Chronic myeloid leukemia: Oncologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Chronic myeloid leukemia.
Treatments for Chronic myeloid leukemia: see treatments for Chronic myeloid leukemia
Research for Chronic myeloid leukemia: see research for Chronic myeloid leukemia

Name and Aliases of Chronic myeloid leukemia

Main name of condition: Chronic myeloid leukemia

Other names or spellings for Chronic myeloid leukemia:

CML

Chronic granulocytic leukemia, Chronic myelocytic leukemia, Chronic myeloid leukaemia Source - Diseases Database

Chronic granulocytic leukemia, Chronic myelogenous leukemia, Chronic myelogenous leukemia, CML, Chronic granulocytic leukemia
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Chronic myeloid leukemia: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Chronic myeloid leukemia:

 

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