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Diseases » Chronic pelvic pain » Glossary

Glossary for Chronic pelvic pain

  • Adenomyosis: A rare disorder where the endometrium (lining of the uterus) grows inside the muscle walls of the uterus. The condition is generally harmless but can be very painful.
  • Adhesions: A fibrous band or structure by which parts abnormally adhere
  • Bipolar disorder: Cycles of mania and depression; commonly called "manic-depression".
  • Cervical polyps: Benign polyps on the cervix of the uterus
  • Cervical stenosis: when the cervical opening is closed
  • Cervicitis: Inflammation of the cervix
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection.
  • Chronic constipation: Long term decrease in mass and frequency of bowel motions and difficulty passing bowel motions.
  • Colitis: Inflammation of the colon
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Diverticular Disease: Protrusions of the colon wall (diverticulosis) or their inflammation (diverticulitis)
  • Dysmenorrhea: Pain, cramping, or discomfort due to menstruation
  • Endometrial conditions: Conditions that affect the female endometrium that is located in the uterus
  • Endometriosis: Misplaced uterus tissue causing scar tissue.
  • Fibromyalgia: A difficult to diagnose condition affecting the muscles and/or joints
  • Gonorrhea: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Headache-free migraine: A syndrome with no headache but other migraine-like symptoms
  • Hernia: General term for an organ protruding where it should not.
  • Herniated disc: A misaligned or "slipped" disc in the spine.
  • Herpes: Virus with one subtype causing cold sores and another causing genital herpes.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
  • Inflammatory pelvic pain: Inflammatory pelvic pain can be chr, cyclic,non cyclic, localized of generalized, or a combination. It affects women of reproductive age and older. It's important to note that sudden, severe pain with mass indicates a serious disorder such as an ectopic pregnancy, and it also requires immediate evaluation and treatment.
  • Interstitial cystitis: A rare condition involving inflammatory disease of the bladder which progresses slowly.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome: Spasms in the colon wall
  • Kidney stones: Kidney stones are solid deposits of salts (e.g calcium) from the urine. These deposits can impair the passage of urine that has the potential to result in infection and kidney damage or failure in severe cases.
  • Nerve entrapment: Compression of a nerve that becomes trapped in a confined space due to any cause e.g. trauma, inflammation or a disease process. This usually occurs near joints. The resulting pressure on the nerve can be very painful and if left untreated can result in damage to the nerve and eventually muscle weakness and wasting. Conditions such as bone spurs, joint swelling due to injury, cysts and trauma can result in nerve entrapment. The exact symptoms will depend on which nerve is trapped and the duration and severity of the entrapment.
  • Neuralgia: Pain associated with a particular nerve.
  • Neurogenic bladder: Problems with the nerves controlling the bladder and urination.
  • Non-inflammatory pelvic pain: Very little is known about non-inflammatory pelvic pain.
  • Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition characterised by mechanical disrturbances due to degradation of joints. It is the most common form of arthritis, and the leading cause of chronic disability.
  • Ovarian remnant syndrome: A rare condition where ovarian tissue is left in the pelvic cavity following the removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes causes pelvic pain. The tissue that is left behind can form cysts which can enlarge and pull on nearby adhesions causing pain. Pain can also occur when remaining ovarian tissue produces hormones that stimulate endometriosis.
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Infection of the womb and fallopian tubes.
  • Pelvic conditions: Any medical condition affecting the pelvic region.
  • Personality disorders: A group of psychiatric disorders that are characterised but abnormal dysfunctional personalities
  • Piriformis Syndrome: When the piriformis muscle compresses the sciatic nerve and causes pain in the buttock or leg.
  • Polyp: An growth or protrusion that extends from a mucous membrane
  • Porphyria: A group of disorders characterized by excess production of porphyrin or its precursors which affects the skin and/or nervous system.
  • Prostatitis: Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland, in men.
  • Pudendal nerve entrapment: A condition where a nerve in the pelvis (pudendal nerve) becomes trapped or compressed. The problem can arise due to such things as pregnancy, postsurgical scarring and trauma but may also occur due to a birth malformation. Bicycle riding can also result in the condition.
  • Shingles: Infectious viral infection occuring years after chickenpox infection.
  • Somatoform Disorders: A disorder that is characterised by multiple somatic complaints
  • Spinal Cord Tumor: Cancer of the spinal cord or central nervous system.
  • Spondylosis: Spinal degeneration of the discs or spinal joints
  • Transient osteoporosis of the hip: Focal pain conditions in the hip often interchangeably termedreflex sympathetic dystrophyor transient osteoporosis.
  • Urethral stricture: Narrowing of the urethra
  • Urinary tract infections: Infection of the urinary system; usually bacterial.
  • Uterine fibroids: Benign nodules in the uterus wall.
  • Vaginitis: Vaginal inflammation or infection of any type.
  • Vesicovaginal fistula: A condition which is characterized by the formation of a fistula which communicates from an internal organ to the vagina
  • Vulvodynia: painful or uncomfortable vulva (external female genitalia) from any cause
  • Vulvovaginitis: Irritation or inflammation of the vulva or vagina. The condition is very common in young girls and can be triggered by moisture, tight clothing, obesity and irritants such as soap.


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