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Glossary for Coal worker's pneumoconiosis

  • Allergy-like conditions: Medical conditions with similar effects to those of allergies.
  • Anthracosis: A condition characterized by the accumulation of carbon in the lungs caused by inhaled smoke or coal dust
  • Asthma-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to asthma, or having similar symptoms.
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Bronchitis: Bronchitis is an inflammation of the air passages within the lungs. It occurs when the trachea and the large and small bronchi within the lungs become inflamed
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chest pain: Pain in the chest area.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Congestive Heart Failure: Inadequate pumping and decline of heart function common in the elderly.
  • Cor pulmonale: Enlarged heart due to respiratory difficulty.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Fungal infections: Any condition caused by fungus.
  • Lung cancer: Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth may lead to metastasis, which is the invasion of adjacent tissue and infiltration beyond the lungs. Most lung tumors are malignant.
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Lung scarring: Damage to the lung tissue from and cause can cause scarring of the lung tissue. Small scars generally cause no problems but large or widespread scarring can affect breathing. Causes of lung scarring include pneumonia, lung infections, cystic fibrosis, asbestosis, silicosis and sarcoidosis and tuberculosis. Excessive lung scarring can lead to thickening and stiffening of the lung tissue which can make breathing more difficult. Scar tissue can also be a result of damage due to cancer.
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Pleurisy: Inflammation of the pleural membrane
  • Pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in air contaminated with particles of dust such as coal, kaolin, asbestos and talc. It is generally an occupation disease where people are exposed to the contaminated air for prolonged periods of time. Generally symptoms stop once the exposure ceases.
  • Pneumothorax: Air in the pleural spaces around the lungs.
  • Pulmonary hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. The condition may be caused by such things as lung conditions (e.g. emphysema, chronic bronchitis), heart conditions (e.g. congestive heart failure, birth defects involving heart), AIDS or medications such as fenfluramine (a diet drug). Sometimes it occurs for no apparent reason and is called primary pulmonary hypertension.
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Vague symptoms: Vague, unclear, mild or non-specific symptoms
  • Work-related conditions: Medical conditions related to a person's work or occupation, such as workplace chemical exposures.

 

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