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Diseases » Common cold » Summary

What is Common cold?

What is Common cold?

The common cold is an extremely common upper respiratory infection of the upper respiratory tract, ...more »

  • Common cold: A cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat that can be caused by a number of different viruses (e.g. rhinoviruses, coronaviruses). There are over 200 different viruses that have the potential to cause the common cold. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Common cold: catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection; marked by acute coryza, slight rise in temperature, chilly sensations, and general indisposition.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Common cold: a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs); "will they never find a cure for the common cold?".
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Common cold: Introduction

Types of Common cold:

Types of Common cold:

  • Rhinovirus-related colds - 30-35% of colds
  • Coronavirus-related colds
  • Adenovirus-related colds
  • Coxsackievirus-related colds
  • Echovirus-related colds
  • Orthomyxovirus-related colds - including influenza A and B viruses
  • Paramyxovirus-related colds - including several parainfluenza viruses
  • Respiratory syncytial virus-related colds
  • Enterovirus-related colds
  • more types...»

Broader types of Common cold:

How many people get Common cold?

Incidence (annual) of Common cold: 62 million cases (NIAID); 23.6 per 100 (NHIS96); estimated 1 billion colds in the USA annually; Children get 6-10 yearly, adults 2-4 yearly; over 60's less than 1 a year.
Incidence Rate of Common cold: approx 1 in 4 or 22.79% or 62 million people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Common cold: In the course of a year, individuals in the United States suffer 1 billion colds, according to some estimates. (Source: excerpt from The Common Cold, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Who gets Common cold?

Patient Profile for Common cold: Anyone can get a cold, but children get more.

Profile for Common cold: Colds are most prevalent among children, and seem to be related to youngsters' relative lack of resistance to infection and to contacts with other children in day-care centers and schools. Children have about six to ten colds a year. In families with children in school, the number of colds per child can be as high as 12 a year. Adults average about two to four colds a year, although the range varies widely. Women, especially those aged 20 to 30 years, have more colds than men, possibly because of their closer contact with children. On average, individuals older than 60 have fewer than one cold a year. (Source: excerpt from The Common Cold, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

How serious is Common cold?

Prognosis of Common cold: Recovery from colds usually takes about a week but this can vary depending on the age and overall health of the patient.
Complications of Common cold: see complications of Common cold

What causes Common cold?

Causes of Common cold: see causes of Common cold
Cause of Common cold: virus e.g. rhinovirus, coronavirus, adenovirus, coxsackievirus, echovirus
Risk factors for Common cold: see risk factors for Common cold

What are the symptoms of Common cold?

Symptoms of Common cold: see symptoms of Common cold

Complications of Common cold: see complications of Common cold

Incubation period for Common cold: 2-3 days

Incubation period for Common cold: Symptoms of the common cold usually begin two to three days after infection (Source: excerpt from The Common Cold, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Duration of Common cold: 2-14 days, typically 7 days

Duration of Common cold: Cold symptoms can last from two to 14 days, but two-thirds of people recover in a week. (Source: excerpt from The Common Cold, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Seasonality of Common cold: In the United States, most colds occur during the fall and winter. Beginning in late August or early September, the incidence of colds increases slowly for a few weeks and remains high until March or April, when it declines. The seasonal variation may relate to the opening of schools and to cold weather, which prompt people to spend more time indoors and increase the chances that viruses will spread from person to person. (Source: excerpt from The Common Cold, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Can anyone else get Common cold?

More information: see contagiousness of Common cold
Inheritance: see inheritance of Common cold

Common cold: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Common cold.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Common cold.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Common cold: see treatments for Common cold
Alternative treatments for Common cold: see alternative treatments for Common cold
Prevention of Common cold: see prevention of Common cold
Research for Common cold: see research for Common cold

Society issues for Common cold

Costs of Common cold: The economic impact of the common cold is enormous. The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) estimates that, in 1996, 62 million cases of the common cold in the United States required medical attention or resulted in restricted activity. In 1996, colds caused 45 million days of restricted activity and 22 million days lost from school, according to NCHS. (Source: excerpt from The Common Cold, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Cost statistics for Common cold: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Common cold:

  • Causes 20 million lost school days in USA 1994 (US Government Statistics)
  • Causes 24 million bed days in USA 1994 (US Government Statistics)
  • 68% of sufferers under 5 receive medical attention in USA 1994 (US Government Statistics)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Common cold:

Organs and body systems related to Common cold include:

Name and Aliases of Common cold

Main name of condition: Common cold

Class of Condition for Common cold: viral

Other names or spellings for Common cold:

Cold, Acute viral rhinopharyngitis, Acute Coryza

Common cold, Cold
Source - WordNet 2.1

Common cold: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Common cold:


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