Assessment
Questionnaire

Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
 
Diseases » Colorectal cancer » Glossary
 

Glossary for Colorectal cancer

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Abdominal mass: Abdominal swelling with hard mass felt
  • Adenocarcinoma: A carcinoma derived from/within glandular tissue.
  • Anorectal disorders: Conditions that affect the anorectum
  • Ascites: Fluid accumulation in abdominal cavity
  • Attenuated familial polyposis: A genetic condition characterized by the development of adenomatous polyps mainly in the colon and rectum. There may be hundreds or thousands of polyps and these polyps have a predisposition for becoming cancerous. The attenuated form of the condition is distinguished by the development of polyps in old age rather than during the first decades of life.
  • Bloody stool: Blood appearing in the stool.
  • Bowel Obstruction: Blockage in the bowel of the digestive tract.
  • Bowel conditions: Medical conditions that affect the bowels
  • Bowel movements: Changes in type or frequency of bowel motions
  • Cachexia: physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass caused by disease
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Celiac Disease: Digestive intolerance to gluten in the diet.
  • Colon conditions: Any condition affecting the colon
  • Colorectal Polyps: Polyp growths in the colon or rectum.
  • Constipation: Difficult or dry bowel movements
  • Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
  • Diarrhea: Loose or watery stool.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Digestive system cancer: A malignancy that affects the gastrointestinal cancer
  • Distal colorectal cancer: Approximately 75% of colorectal cancers are sporadic and develop in people with no specific risk factors. The remaining 25% of cases occur in people with significant risk factors.
  • Diverticular Disease: Protrusions of the colon wall (diverticulosis) or their inflammation (diverticulitis)
  • Diverticular disease and diverticulitis:
  • Endometrial Cancer: Cancer of the endometrium (uterus lining).
  • Familial Colorectal Cancer: An inherited disorder in which affected individuals have a higher-than-normal chance of developing colorectal cancer and certain other types of cancer, often before the age of 50.
  • Familial polyposis: Rare genetic disease causing multiple colorectal polyps
  • Familial polyposis -- classical: An inherited condition where polyps develop in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. The polyps are initially benign but may become malignant if untreated.
  • Familial polyposis, autosomal recessive: An inherited condition where polyps develop in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. The polyps are initially benign but may become malignant if untreated. The autosomal recessive form of this condition is characterized by fewer polyps than in other forms (less than 100) and is due to mutations in a different gene.
  • Fecal incontinence: Leaking or poorly controlled bowel motions
  • Gardner syndrome: A rare inherited disorder involving polyps in the colon and tumors in various other parts of the body and other abnormalities such as extra teeth.
  • Gastrointestinal Basidiobolomycosis: Very rare intestinal infection
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding: Internal bleeding in the digestive tract
  • Gastrointestinal tumors: Any tumor of the gastrointestinal (digestive) system, including cancers and benign tumors.
  • Hamartomatous colorectal cancer: The hamartomatous polyposis syndromes are a heterogeneous group of disorders that share an autosomal-dominant pattern of inheritance and are characterized by hamartomatous polyps of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Hemorrhoids: Swollen blood vessels around the anus.
  • Hereditary colorectal cancer: Individuals affected with hereditary colorectal cancer inherit a mutation in one of several genes involved in DNA mismatch repair, including MSH2, MLH1, and PMS2. ras gene mutations have been detected in the stool of patients with colorectal cancer and may in the future be useful in early diagnosis.
  • Hiccups: Noise and diaphragm muscle contractions (properly called "hiccoughs")
  • Hodgkin's Disease: A form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
  • Intestinal Conditions: Conditions that affect the intestines
  • Iron deficiency: When there is a deficiency of iron in the body
  • Irritable bowel syndrome: Spasms in the colon wall
  • Kaposi sarcoma: A form of cancer caused by a type of herpesvirus that occurs mainly in the skin but may also affect the lymph nodes, internal organs and mucosal areas. There are four forms of the condition: Classical Indolent form, Endemic African KS, iatrogenic KS and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated KS. Symptoms depend on the extent of internal organ and lymphatic system involvement.
  • Li-Fraumeni syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by tumor development by young adulthood.
  • Liver cancer: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Lung cancer: Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth may lead to metastasis, which is the invasion of adjacent tissue and infiltration beyond the lungs. Most lung tumors are malignant.
  • Lynch syndrome type I: Lynch syndrome is a rare disorder.The estimated proportion of all Colorectal cancers that are caused by Lynch syndrome depends on how this syndrome is defined, with traditional definitions being based on family history and age of onset. It is also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome(HNPCC). The syndrome is classified as Type I in the absence of extracolonic cancers and Type II if these are present.
  • Lynch syndrome type II: Lynch syndrome is a rare disorder.The estimated proportion of all Colorectal cancers that are caused by Lynch syndrome depends on how this syndrome is defined, with traditional definitions being based on family history and age of onset. It is also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome(HNPCC). The syndrome is classified as Type I in the absence of extracolonic cancers and Type II if these are present.
  • MSI-H colorectal cancer: MSI sporadic colorectal cancers with a high level of MSI (MSI-H) form a well defined group with distinct clinicopathologic features characterized by an overall better long-term prognosis.
  • MSI-L colorectal cancer: Colorectal cancer is classified based on the microsatellite instability status and this is important for effective clinical management. MSI-L colorectal cancer is not clearly defined.
  • MSS colorectal cancer: Microsatellite analysis is commonly used initial screening tests for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.
  • Metastatic cancer: Any cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Ovarian Cancer: Cancer of the ovaries.
  • Pancolitis: Pancolitis is also known as ulcerative colitis which is an idiopathic chronicinflammatory disorder of the colon and rectum and involves the entire thickness of the colon.
  • Peritonitis: Inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity
  • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by the development of numerous benign nodules on the inside lining of the intestinal wall as well as excess skin pigmentation usually around the lips and inner lining of the mouth.
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease of unknown etiology that is recognized increasingly in children.
  • Proximal colorectal cancer: Approximately 75% of colorectal cancers are sporadic and develop in people with no specific risk factors. The remaining 25% of cases occur in people with significant risk factors.
  • Rectal cancer: A growth or excessive proliferation of cells in the rectum which is the final portion of the digestive system before the anus. The growth may be benign or malignant.
  • Rectal conditions: Any condition that affects the rectum
  • Sclerotylosis: A rare inherited disorder characterized by a skin disorder (atrophic skin fibrosis and keratoderma of the palms and soles), underdeveloped nails and bowel cancer.
  • Senior health conditions: Medical conditions affecting seniors, male or female.
  • Silent conditions: Any condition that is not visible clinically
  • Sporadic colorectal cancer: Sporadic colon cancer occurs in people who have no (or very little) family history of the disease. Although colon cancer sometimes has a familial or hereditary component, it usually doesn't.The majority of colon cancer, about 75%, is sporadic.
  • Stomach Conditions: Any condition that affects a persons stomach
  • Stomach cancer: Stomach or gastric cancer can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs
  • Tenesmus: feeling of incomplete evacuation of bowel
  • Toxic megacolon: It is a life threatening complication.
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
  • Ulcerative proctosigmoiditis: Ulcerative proctosigmoiditisis an idiopathic chronicinflammatory disorder limited to the sigmoid colon and the rectum.
  • Under-diagnosed conditions: Any medical condition that is undiagnosed
  • Uremia: Excessive urea and waste products in the blood
  • Uterine Cancer: Cancer of the uterus.

 

By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise