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Diseases » Common Headache » Glossary

Glossary for Common Headache

  • Aura: A sensation that precedes and marks the onset of a neurological condition
  • Blind spot: Loss of vision in a particular area
  • Chronic headache: Headaches are not usually dangerous but chronic daily headaches must be regarded as serious.
  • Classic migraine: Migraine is a neurological disorder that generally involves repeated headaches. Some people also have nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms. Most people with migraines do not have any warning before it occurs. However, some people have a visual disturbance called an aura before the headache starts.
  • Cluster headache: Headache that occurs periodically, with active periods interrupted by spontaneous remissions.
  • Common migraine: Migraine headaches are recurrent headaches that may be unilateral or bilateral. Migraine headaches may occur with or without a prodrome. The aura of a migraine may consist of neurologic symptoms, such as dizziness, tinnitus, scotomas, photophobia, or visual scintillations (eg, bright zigzag lines).
  • Dizziness: Feelings of lightheadedness or giddiness.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Headache and migraine conditions: Medical conditions related to headaches including migraine.
  • Hemianopsia: A condition which is characterized by the loss of vision in one half of the visual field
  • Migraine: Chronic recurring headaches with or without a preceding aura.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Photophobia: An exaggerated or irrational fear of light.
  • Scotoma: A condition which is characterized by an area of depressed vision in the visual field.
  • Sexual headache: Sudden excruciating headache when approaching orgasm or afterwards.
  • Temporal arteritis: Inflamed head artery causing headache.
  • Tension headache: Tension-type headaches can be episodic or chronic.Episodic tension-type headaches are defined as tension-type headaches occurring fewer than 15 days a month, whereas chronic tension headaches occur 15 days or more a month for at least 6 months. Tension-type headaches can last from minutes to days, months or even years, though a typical tension headache lasts 4-6 hours.
  • Tinnitus: Hearing noises in the ears: ringing, roaring, clicks, whistling, or hissing.


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