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Diseases » Compartment Syndrome » Glossary

Glossary for Compartment Syndrome

  • Accident or injury conditions: Medical conditions caused by accidents or physical injuries.
  • Amputation: Loss of a limb or extremity from trauma or accident.
  • Analgesia: A condition which is characterized by an absence of pain
  • Autoimmune Hemophilia: Hemophilia caused by an autoimmune reaction
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Coldness: A sensation of feeling cold
  • Copperhead snake poisoning: The Copperhead snake is a poisonous snake found mainly in parts of North America. The toxicity of the poison varies among species but some species are extremely poisonous and readily result in death if the patient is not treated.
  • Crotalidae snake poisoning: Crotalids are snakes from the Crotalidae family. This group of snakes includes rattlesnakes which are usually found in America. These snakes are easily identified by the "rattle" at the tip of their tails. The toxicity of the venom can vary among species but some can result in death if prompt treatment is not given.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Limb conditions: Medical conditions affecting the upper or lower limbs.
  • Moccasin snake poisoning: The Moccasin snake is a poisonous snake found mainly in America and Asia. Moccasin snakes include the copperhead, cottonmouth and the Siberian, Central Asian and Malayan pit vipers. They are considered less venomous than rattlesnakes The snake venom contains toxins which affect the blood and tissues rather than the nervous system. Children tend to suffer more severe symptoms due to their smaller body size. Rapid swelling of the skin around the site of the bite is a sign of a more severe poisoning.
  • Muscle weakness: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the muscles to function at their full strenght
  • Needlefish bite: The Needlefish is long-beaked surface fish found in tropical and sub-tropical oceans. The needlefish can deliver a serious bite but has no venom. These fish are attracted to bright lights and can propel themselves out of the water towards the light source. Fisherman have reportedly received puncture wounds when fishing at night with a light.
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Paleness: Whitening or pallor of the skin
  • Paralysis: The loss of motor function due to dysfunction of the spinal cord
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Rattle snake poisoning: The Rattle snake is a poisonous snake found mainly in America. They are distinguished by a characteristic rattle at the tip of their tail.
  • Rhabdomyolysis: Skeletal muscle injury or death, which releases muscle fibres into the blood.
  • Swelling symptoms: Symptoms causing swelling or enlargement.
  • Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome: A rare disease where episodes of leaking blood capillaries results in a rapid drop in blood pressure which can be life-threatening. Episodes usually last for a few days. The range and severity of symptoms experienced may range somewhat amongst patients.
  • Tingling: Tingling, prickling, or pins-and-needles sensations


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