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Diseases » Congenital syphilis » Glossary

Glossary for Congenital syphilis

  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Bejel: An infectious disease caused by Treponema pallidum which is similar to the organism that causes syphilis but is not sexually transmitted.
  • Cataracts: Cloudy areas on the eye's cornea interfering with vision.
  • Chorioretinitis: Inflammation of the choroids and retina of the eye. It can be caused by various pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungus or protozoa. Other noninfectious diseases such as sarcoidosis can cause abnormal deposits in the eye which can also result in inflammation.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Crying infant: Crying in an infant
  • Diseases contagious contagious mother-to-fetus: Diseases contagious from mother to a fetus during pregnancy
  • Epididymo-orchitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the epididimis and testes of a male
  • Fetal health conditions: Medical conditions affecting the health of a fetus while inside the pregnant mother.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Haemolytic anaemia:
  • Intrauterine Growth Retardation: Slowly growing fetus in the womb during pregnancy
  • Keratitis: Any inflammation of the cornea of the eye
  • Lymphocytosis: An abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the blood.
  • Meningoencephalitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the brain and meninges
  • Neonatal Jaundice: Common skin yellowing jaundice in newborn babies.
  • Neurosyphilis: A complication of untreated syphilis where the infection invades the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and causes a range of neurological symptoms. The condition can be life-threatening but some cases are asymptomatic. There are four forms of the condition: asymptomatic, meningovascular, tabes dorsalis and general paresis.
  • Neutrophilia: Raised neutrophil levels in the blood.
  • Optic atrophy: Dysfunction of the optic nerve which results in impaired vision. The disorder may be congenital or acquired. The rate and degree of atrophy is greatly variable depending on the cause.
  • Pinta: An infectious skin disease caused by infection with the spirochete Treponema carateum which causes skin rash and discoloration.
  • Pregnancy-related conditions: Any condition that is related to or caused by pregnancy
  • Rash: General name for any type of skin inflammation.
  • Sensorineural hearing loss: Hearing loss due to abnormal functioning or damage to the hearing nerve or the cochlea (inner ear) or the part of the brain that processes sound. The hearing problem may be present at birth or may be acquired through such things as aging, excessive noise or diseases such as meningitis.
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Various diseases spread by sexual contact.
  • Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Skin sores: The occurrence of sores that are located on the skin
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Thrombocytopenia: Decreased platelets in the blood
  • Vesiculobullous rash:
  • Yaws: A rare infections disease caused by the spiral-shaped bacteria Treponema pertenue. The disease consists of three phases: skin lesions are followed by bone, joint and widespread skin symptoms and finally by inflammation and destruction of cartilage in the nose, pharynx and palate. Transmission can be through direct contact with infected skin, insect bites or sex.


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