Treatments for Cystitis
Treatments for Cystitis:
The first step in treating cystitis is prevention. Prevention measures include drinking plenty of fluids, urinating as soon as possible when the urge is felt, and drinking cranberry juice, which may have infection-fighting qualities. For prevention and treatment, it is also advised not to use perfumed soaps or bubble bath products, especially in children or sensitive people.
For women, prevention measure include urinating promptly after having sexual intercourse, wiping the genital area from front to back after urinating or defecating, and not using douches or deodorant feminine products. These can be irritating to the genitals.
Early recognition and treatment of cystitis usually results in a cure without complications in generally healthy people. If it is caused by a bacterial urinary tract infection, treatment includes an antibiotic medication, such as amoxicillin or ciprofloxacin, nitrofurantoin, or sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim.
For a cystitis caused by a bacterial urinary tract infection that has resulted in complications, such as pyelonephritis, kidney failure or sepsis, hospital care is usually necessary. Hospital care generally includes intravenous antibiotics and may also include intensive care and life support in some cases. People most likely to be hospitalized include the elderly, people who live in long-term care, and those with chronic conditions that affect the immune system, such as HIV/AIDS or diabetes.
Treatment List for Cystitis
The list of treatments mentioned in various sources
includes the following list.
Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment
or change in treatment plans.
- Drink lots of water
- Empty bladder according to urges - do not try to hold it in.
- Avoid caffeine - such as tea, coffee or sodas.
- Bicarbonate of soda - helps reduce acidity of urine
- Over-the-counter urinary alkalinisers - reduces urine acidity
- Avoid sexual intercourse
- Avoid using tampons
- Avoid spicy foods
- Treatment of cystitis depends on the underlying cause of the symptoms. Treatments include:
- Adequate fluid intake - may limit inflammation and burning
- Antibiotics - if the underlying cause is a bacterial infection
- Urinary alkalizers - decreases symptoms of urinary burning and urgency
- Bladder retraining and behavioural therapy - for interstitial cystitis
- Medications used when infection has been excluded and/or treated
- Elmiron - for interstitial cystitis
- Antihistamines- hydroxyzine
- Tricyclic antidepressants
- Anticholinergic agents to treat urinary frequency
- Simple analgesics (avoid narcotics where possible)
- Bladder instillation therapy - where various medications are instilled into the bladder to treat symptoms and decrease inflammation
- Electrical stimulation of the bladder
- Complementary therapies
Alternative Treatments for Cystitis
Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Cystitis may include:
Cystitis: Is the Diagnosis Correct?
The first step in getting correct treatment is
to get a correct diagnosis.
Differential diagnosis list for Cystitis may include:
Hidden causes of Cystitis may be incorrectly diagnosed:
Cystitis: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers
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Cystitis: Research Doctors & Specialists
- Pregnancy & Fertility Health Specialists:
- Womens Health Specialists:
- Urinary & Bladder Specialists (Urology):
- Kidney Health Specialists (Nephrology):
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Drugs and Medications used to treat Cystitis:
Note:You must always seek professional medical advice about any prescription drug, OTC drug, medication, treatment
or change in treatment plans.
Some of the different medications used in the treatment of Cystitis include:
- Fluoroquinolone antibiotic
- Cipro Cystitis pack
- Floxin Uropak
- Sulfonamide antibiotic
- Apo-Sulfatrim DS
- Azo Gantanol
- Bactrim DS
- Novo-Trimel DS
- Protrin DF
- Septra DS
- Uro Gantanol
- Uroplus DS
- Uroplus SS
- Azo Gantrisin
- Lipo Gantrisin
- Cipro XR
- Ciprol XL
Hospital statistics for Cystitis:
These medical statistics relate to hospitals, hospitalization and Cystitis:
- 0.096% (12,271) of hospital consultant episodes were for cystitis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 97% of hospital consultant episodes for cystitis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 32% of hospital consultant episodes for cystitis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 68% of hospital consultant episodes for cystitis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 6% of hospital consultant episodes for cystitis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- more hospital information...»
Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Cystitis
Research quality ratings and patient incidents/safety measures
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More general information, not necessarily in relation to Cystitis,
on hospital and medical facility performance and surgical care quality:
Medical news summaries about treatments for Cystitis:
The following medical news items
are relevant to treatment of Cystitis:
Discussion of treatments for Cystitis:
Urinary tract infections are treated with
antibiotics (infection-fighting drugs). After a urine sample is obtained,
the health care provider may begin treatment with a drug that treats the
bacteria most likely to be causing the infection. Once culture results are
known, the health care provider may switch your child to another
antibiotic, if necessary.
The way the antibiotic is given and the number of days that it must be
taken depend in part on the type of infection and how severe it is. When a
child is sick or not able to drink fluids, the antibiotic may need to be
put directly into the bloodstream through a vein in the arm or hand.
Otherwise, the medicine (liquid or pills) may be given by mouth or by
shots. The medicine is given for at least 3 to 5 days and possibly for as
long as several weeks. The daily treatment schedule recommended depends on
the specific drug prescribed: The schedule may call for a single dose each
day or up to four doses each day. In some cases, your child will need to
take the medicine until further tests are finished.
After a few doses of the antibiotic, your child may appear much better,
but often several days may pass before all symptoms are gone. In any case,
your child should take the medicine for as long as the doctor says. Do not
stop medications because the symptoms have gone away. Infections may
return, and germs can resist future treatment if the drug is stopped too
Children should drink fluids when they wish. Make sure your child
drinks what he or she needs, but do not force your child to drink large
amounts of fluid. The health care provider needs to know if the child is
not interested in drinking.
(Source: excerpt from Urinary Tract Infections in Children: NIDDK)
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