Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.

Cytomegalovirus retinitis

Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Introduction

Cytomegalovirus retinitis is a serious infection of the eye. Cytomegalovirus retinitis is caused by the cytomegalovirus, a type of herpes virus. Cytomegalovirus is a very common virus, to which most people are exposed in their lifetime. However, people who develop cytomegalovirus retinitis after exposure to the virus are generally those with weakened immune systems, such as people with AIDS; who have had an organ or bone marrow transplant; or take chemotherapy or drugs that suppress the immune system.

Cytomegalovirus retinitis, also called CMV retinitis, causes a serious inflammation and degeneration of the retina. The retina is a membrane that lines the back of the eye and contains light-sensitive nerve cells. A healthy retina is crucial to transforming light, color, and forms into nerve impulses and transmitting them to the optic nerve and the brain.

Cytomegalovirus retinitis can be very serious and can affect one or both eyes and lead to blindness and other complications. Symptoms of cytomegalovirus retinitis include blurred vision and other problems with vision. Many people with cytomegalovirus retinitis may have no symptoms. To learn more about other important symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of cytomegalovirus retinitis.

Diagnosing cytomegalovirus retinitis begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination that includes a thorough eye examination. This will also rule out eye conditions and diseases with similar symptoms, such as farsightedness, nearsightedness, cataracts, and glaucoma. A referral is generally made to an ophthalmologist, an eye specialist, for diagnosis and treatment. Care is also given by other physicians and surgeons that are highly specialized in the care of eye diseases.

An eye examination includes testing pupil response to light, visual acuity or sharpness of vision, checking the sharpness of peripheral vision, and testing the pressure of the inside the eye. The outer eye is examined using an instrument called a slit lamp, and the inner eye is examined using an instrument call an ophthalmoscope. Another test involves temporarily staining the eye with a special eye drop, which makes certain kinds of trauma to the eye visible to the ophthalmologist.

Blood and urine tests are also done to confirm a cytomegalovirus retinitis infection.

A diagnosis of cytomegalovirus retinitis may be missed or delayed because many people do not have symptoms, and because symptoms can be similar to symptoms of other disorders, diseases or conditions. To learn more about disorders, diseases and conditions that can mimic cytomegalovirus retinitis, refer to misdiagnosis of cytomegalovirus retinitis.

Treatment for cytomegalovirus retinitis includes antiviral medications regular eye care to monitor the condition. For more details on treatment plans and prognosis, refer to treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis. ...more »

Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Inflammation of the retina of the eye which can cause blindness. The cytomegalovirus is an easily transmissible viral infection that is common but generally causes no symptoms except in infants and people with weakened immune systems. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Cytomegalovirus retinitis is available below.

Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Symptoms

Many people with cytomegalovirus retinitis do not have symptoms. Symptoms of cytomegalovirus retinitis can affect one or both eyes. Cytomegalovirus retinitis tends to start in one eye and spread to the other eye.

Symptoms of cytomegalovirus retinitis are due to inflammation, swelling and irritation of the retina. The retina is a membrane that lines the back of the eye and ...more symptoms »

Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Treatments

Cytomegalovirus retinitis can be difficult to treat in some people and it is not always possible to stop progression of the disease. However, early diagnosis and treatment is critical to minimizing the risks of developing serious complications, such as blindness and retinal detachment.

Treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis includes antiviral drugs. Treatment often needs ...more treatments »

Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis of cytomegalovirus retinitis may be delayed or missed because there are often no symptoms. In addition, symptoms of cytomegalovirus retinitis can be similar to symptoms of other diseases and conditions, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, cataracts, uveitis, glaucoma, and choroiditis. ...more misdiagnosis »

Symptoms of Cytomegalovirus retinitis

Treatments for Cytomegalovirus retinitis

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Cytomegalovirus retinitis:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Cytomegalovirus retinitis?

Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to Cytomegalovirus retinitis:

Causes of Cytomegalovirus retinitis

Read more about causes of Cytomegalovirus retinitis.

More information about causes of Cytomegalovirus retinitis:

Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Evidence Based Medicine Research for Cytomegalovirus retinitis

Medical research articles related to Cytomegalovirus retinitis include:

Click here to find more evidence-based articles on the TRIP Database

Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Animations

Research about Cytomegalovirus retinitis

Visit our research pages for current research about Cytomegalovirus retinitis treatments.

Clinical Trials for Cytomegalovirus retinitis

The US based website lists information on both federally and privately supported clinical trials using human volunteers.

Some of the clinical trials listed on for Cytomegalovirus retinitis include:

Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Broader Related Topics

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Cytomegalovirus retinitis, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Related Cytomegalovirus retinitis Info

More information about Cytomegalovirus retinitis

  1. Cytomegalovirus retinitis: Introduction
  2. Symptoms
  3. Causes
  4. Treatments
  5. Misdiagnosis
  6. Home Testing
  7. Complications

By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise