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Diseases » Dermatomyositis » Glossary

Glossary for Dermatomyositis

  • Acute kidney failure: Sudden failure of the kidneys
  • Arm weakness: Weakness of the muscles of the arm.
  • Autoimmune diseases: A group of disorders in which the primary cause is the an inflammatory reaction caused by the body's own immune system attacking tissues
  • Bowel inflammation: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the bowel portion of the gastrointestinal tract
  • Calcinosis cutis: Deposit of calcium in the skin tissues. The deposits can result from skin that has suffered damage, inflammation, cancer or necrosis. It can also occur when there is abnormal calcium and phosphate metabolism within the body such as occurs when there are high blood calcium and/or phosphate levels. In other cases, it occurs for no apparent reason. One or more lesions may be present and the size and severity can vary considerably depending on the underlying cause. Some cases are benign and pose no problem.
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection.
  • Complement component 2 deficiency: A rare disorder where a deficiency of a compound called complement component 2 impairs the bodies ability to fight infection and autoimmune disorders.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Difficulty climbing stairs: difficulty in climbing stairs is seen in certain disorders
  • Eosinophilia: This is when there is an abnormal increase in the eosinophils in the blood
  • Fibromyalgia: A difficult to diagnose condition affecting the muscles and/or joints
  • Hand weakness: Weakness of one or both hands
  • Heart disease: Any of various heart conditions.
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • Hypertrichosis: Hypertrichosis is an overgrowth of hair not localized to the androgen-dependent areas of the skin
  • Hyporeflexia: A decreased reflex of the muscles
  • Inclusion Body Myositis: Progressive inflammatory muscle disease causing muscle weakness.
  • Infection: Infections as a symptom.
  • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: Chronic arthritis affecting children and teens
  • Kwashiorkor: A malnutrition state that is produced by severe protein deficiency
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Lung symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both lungs.
  • Lupus: Autoimmune disease with numerous effects on various organs and linings.
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • Mixed connective tissue disease: A rare disorder of the connective tissue which affects a range of body tissues and organs.
  • Muscle atrophy: Decrease in size and bulk of muscle.
  • Muscle conditions: Any condition that affects the muscles of the body
  • Muscle weakness: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the muscles to function at their full strenght
  • Muscular Hypertrophy: An increase in the size of the muscle cells.
  • Myositis: One of the underlying causes for muscle weakness/myopathy.
  • Non-pathogenic inflammatory conditions: Medical disorders that cause inflammation, but are not due to any infectious pathogen.
  • Paraneoplastic Neurologic Disorders: A term used to describe the distant neurological effects of cancer. It results from an autoimmune attack against antigens present in cancer and the nervous system. Peripheral nerves, central nervous system and muscle controlling nerves may be affected. Often the effects become obvious before the cancer is detected. Types of PNS include Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, subacute cerebellar ataxia, opsoclonus-myoclonus, retinopathies, limbic encephalitis, chronic gastrointestinal pseudoobstruction, sensory neuronopathy, encephalomyelitis, dermatomyositis, Stiff-Person syndrome and melanoma-associated retinopathy.
  • Pericarditis: Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica: A condition characterized by muscle pain and stiffness, fatigue and fever. It is often associated with giant-cell arteritis which is a related but more serious condition.
  • Proximal muscle weakness: Weakness of the proximal muscles
  • Pulmonary fibrosis: A scarring condition that affects the lungs
  • Rash: General name for any type of skin inflammation.
  • Raynaud's phenomenon: Blood vessel constriction attacks affecting fingers and/or toes.
  • Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome: A condition characterized by pain and reduced range of motion in the shoulder and hand of the affected arm.
  • Respiratory infections: Any infection that occurs to the respiratory system
  • Rhabdomyolysis: Skeletal muscle injury or death, which releases muscle fibres into the blood.
  • Rheumatic conditions: Any condition that affects ones joints
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Autoimmune form of arthritis usually in teens or young adults.
  • Rosacea: Inflammatory rash affecting cheeks, nose, forehead, chin
  • Rosacea-like conditions: Medical conditions highly related to or similar to rosacea.
  • Scleroderma: A rare, progressive connective tissue disorder involving thickening and hardening of the skin and connective tissue. There are a number of forms of scleroderma with some forms being systemic (involving internal organs).
  • Skin bumps: Bumps or lumps on the skin.
  • Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Telangiectasia: The permanent dilation of pre-existing small blood vessels
  • Toxoplasmosis: Infection often caught from cats and their feces.
  • Trichinosis: Worm infection usually caught from pigs
  • Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: A form of spastic partial paralysis of the lower limbs which occurs in the tropics
  • Vasculitis: Inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel
  • Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus
  • Weakness: Symptoms causing weakness of the body


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