Inheritance and Genetics of Diabetes
Genetics of Diabetes:
Genetics most likely plays a role in all types of diabetes, since a family history is a major risk factor.
Racial Patterns for Diabetes:
Racial Information for Diabetes: Prevalence of diabetes by race/ethnicity in people 20 years or
Non-Hispanic whites: 11.3 million. 7.8
percent of all non-Hispanic whites have diabetes.
Non-Hispanic blacks: 2.3 million. 10.8 percent of all
non-Hispanic blacks have diabetes. On average, non-Hispanic blacks are 1.7
times as likely to have diabetes as non-Hispanic whites of similar age.
Mexican Americans: 1.2 million. 10.6 percent of all Mexican
Americans have diabetes. On average, Mexican Americans are 1.9 times as
likely to have diabetes as non-Hispanic whites of similar age.
Other Hispanic/Latino Americans:On average, Hispanic/Latino
Americans are almost twice as likely to have diabetes as non-Hispanic
whites of similar age. (Sufficient data are not currently available to
derive more specific estimates.)
American Indians and Alaska Natives: 9 percent of American
Indians and Alaska Natives have diagnosed diabetes. On average, American
Indians and Alaska Natives are 2.8 times as likely to have diagnosed
diabetes as non-Hispanic whites of similar age.
Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders: Prevalence data for
diabetes among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are limited. Some
groups within this population are at increased risk for diabetes. For
example, data collected from 1988 to 1995 suggest that Native Hawaiians
are twice as likely to have diagnosed diabetes as white residents of
Hawaii. (Source: excerpt from Diabetes Statistics in the United States: NIDDK)
About inheritance and genetics:
Inheritance of Diabetes refers to whether the condition is inherited
from your parents or "runs" in families.
The level of inheritance of a condition depends
on how important genetics are to the disease.
Strongly genetic diseases are usually inherited,
partially genetic diseases are sometimes inherited,
and non-genetic diseases are not inherited.
For general information, see Introduction to Genetics.
» Next page: Contagious: Diabetes
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