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Diseases » Digestive Diseases » Prevalence
 

Prevalence and Incidence of Digestive Diseases

Prevalance of Digestive Diseases:

60 to 70 million cases in the USA 1985 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447) ... see also overview of Digestive Diseases.

Prevalance Rate:

approx 1 in 4 or 22.06% or 60 million people in USA [Source statistic for calcuation: "60 to 70 million cases in the USA 1985 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447)" -- see also general information about data sources]

Prevalance of types of Digestive Diseases:

For details see prevalence of types of Digestive Diseases analysis; summary of available prevalence data:

  • irritable bowel syndrome: 5 million in the USA 1987 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, US Government Printing Office, 1994); 11 per 1000 (NHIS95)
  • inflammatory bowel disease: 1 in 500 (NIAID); 300,000 people to 500,000 people NIDDK
  • Crohn's disease: 500,000 Americans
  • Celiac disease: 1 in 250 Americans estimated rate; actual diagnosis rate is 1 in 4,700 Americans; 1 in 250 in Italy; 1 in 300 in Ireland; 20,000 diagnosed (Reader's Digest Feb 2004)
  • Lactose Intolerance: 30 million people to 50 million people (NIDDK 1994); about 25% of population (1994/NIDDK)
  • Cystic Fibrosis: 1 per 31,000 Asian American newborns suffer from cystic fibrosis in the US, genetics Home Reference website
  • constipation: 4.4 million people in the USA 1983-87 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Behcet's Disease: rare in the USA; more common in Middle East, Asia, and Japan.
  • Gallstones: 16 to 22 million people in the USA 1976-87 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, US Government Printing Office, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: 3-7% of the population in the USA 1985 for "GERD and related esophageal disorders" (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Heartburn: 15 million Americans have it daily (NIDDK)
  • Indigestion: 35 per 1000 - NHIS95 (frequent indigestion)
  • Nonulcer dyspepsia: 5.8 million people in the USA 1988 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, 1994)
  • Peptic Ulcer: 5 million in the USA 1987 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, 1994)
  • Hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer: 2-7% of all colorectal cancers are due to hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer
  • Liver conditions: 400,000 people in the USA 1976-80 for "chronic liver disease and cirrhosis" (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Chronic liver disease: 400,000 people
  • Cirrhosis of the liver: 400,000 people in the USA 1976-80 for "chronic liver disease and cirrhosis" (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Hepatitis B: estimated 1.5 million HBV carriers in the U.S. (NWHIC); 417,000 people currently infected (CDC 2001)
  • Hepatitis C: estimated 2 to 5 million HCV chronic carriers
  • Chronic Hepatitis B: 750,000 people in the United States (NIAID)
  • Chronic Hepatitis C: Almost 4 million Americans have antibodies indicating infection or prior exposure (NIDDK).
  • Alcoholic liver disease: More than 2 million Americans (NIAAA)
  • Diverticular Disease: 2 million people in the USA 1983-87 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Gastritis: 2.7 million people in the USA 1988 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Fecal incontinence: 6.5 million Americans
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis: 9,232 people in the USA 1996 1
  • Cyclic vomiting syndrome: 1 in 50 children (perhaps)
  • Pernicious anemia: 399,455 people in the USA 1996 1
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis: 1,156 people in the USA 1996 1
  • Hemorrhoids: 10.4 million people in the USA 1983-87 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Glucagonoma: only 100 cases since 1974 (Ganda, 1997)
  • Somatostatinoma: 20 known cases in the literature (Ganda, 1997)
  • Abdominal Hernia: 4.5 million people in the USA 1988-90 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Ascariasis: rare
  • Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: rare
  • Carnitine palmitoyl transferase II deficiency, infantile hepatocardiomuscular type: the infantile hepatocardiomusucular form of carnitine palmitoyl transferase II deficiency has been reported in 10 families, Genetics Home Reference website
  • Hepatorenal tyrosinemia: 1 per 1,846 people from the Saguenay-La St. Jean region of Quebec suffer from tyrosinemia type 1, Genetics Home Reference website
  • Familial polyposis, autosomal recessive: 1 per 30,000 people are affected by familial adenomatous polyposis in the US, Genetics Home Reference website
  • Ménétrier's disease: rare
  • more types of Digestive Diseases...»

Incidence of types of Digestive Diseases:

For details see incidence of types of Digestive Diseases analysis; summary of available incidence by type data:

  • Cystic Fibrosis: 2,500 babies annually USA; 1 in 3,000 Caucasian babies
  • diarrhea: almost 100% annually (NIDDK)
  • traveler's diarrhea: estimated 10 million (DBMD2)
  • Acute Nonulcer dyspepsia: 8.2 million new cases (1988/NIDDK)
  • Acute Pancreatitis: 80,000 cases occur in the USA (NIDDK); 17 per 100,000 new cases
  • Anthrax: 0 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Cholera: 6 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Chronic Nonulcer dyspepsia: 444,000 new cases (1975/NIDDK)
  • Colonic volvulus: 3 per 100,000 persons per year
  • Colorectal cancer: 148,300 annual cases = 107,300 annual cases of colon cancer and 41,000 annual cases of rectum cancer(SEER 2002 estimate)
  • Cryptosporiosis: 2,361 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Giardia: 16.29 per 100,000 in Canada 20003
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome: 202 cases of postdiarrheal HUS in 28 USA states 2001 (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 2003)
  • Indigestion: 6 million cases annually
  • Nonulcer dyspepsia: 444,000 new cases (1975/NIDDK)
  • Pancreatitis: 17 new cases per 100,000 in the USA 1976-88 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Peptic Ulcer: 3.7 million annually
  • Shigellosis: 17,521 annual cases of shigellosis notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Small Intestine Cancer: 5,300 annual cases (SEER 2002 estimate)
  • Stomach Cancer: 21,600 annual cases (SEER 2002 estimate); about 24,000 annual cases in the United States (NCI)
  • Enteroviruses: estimated 10-15 million cases annually in USA (DVRD)
  • Infectious Diarrhea: 99 million new cases in the USA 1980 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Digestive system cancer: 255,640 new cases for digestive system cancer in the US 2004 (Cancer Facts and Figures, American Cancer Society, 2004)
  • Ackee Fruit Food poisoning: 1 per 1000 people in the Caribbean develop ackee fruit poisoning each year
  • Larynx Cancer: 12,000 annual cases in the United States (NCI); 8,900 annual cases (SEER 2002 estimate)
  • Gall Bladder Cancer: 7,100 annual cases (SEER 2002 estimate: gallbladder and other biliary)
  • Anal Cancer: estimated 4,650 new cases of anal cancer will be diagnosed in the US in 2007, National Cancer Institute website
  • Oral cancer: 28,900 annual cases (SEER 2002 estimate)
  • Liver cancer: 16,600 annual cases (SEER 2002 estimate)
  • Pancreatic cancer: 30,300 annual cases (SEER 2002 estimate)
  • Rectal cancer: 40,570 new cases for rectum cancer in the US 2004 (Cancer Facts and Figures, American Cancer Society, 2004)
  • Hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer: 16,000 new cases of colorectal cancer are diagnosed each year
  • Gall bladder conditions: 10,395 annual cases of gallbladder and bile duct disease in Victoria 1996 (DHS-VIC)
  • Hepatitis B: 200,000 to 300,000 new cases in the USA 1990 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Hepatitis A: 32,000 new cases in the USA 1992 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Hepatitis C: 150,000 new cases in the USA 1991 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Viral Hepatitis: about 452,000 annual cases based on incidence of HepA, HepB, HepC, and HepD (NIDDK 1990-1992)
  • Hepatitis D: 70,000 new cases in the USA 1990 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Hepatitis E: 0.1 new cases per 100,000 population of Hepatitis E was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Yersiniosis: approx 1 per 100,000 annually (DBMD); 19 cases in NJ 1998 (NJ DHSS)
  • E-coli food poisoning: 25,000 cases per year estimated
  • Salmonella food poisoning: estimated 1.4 million cases (CDC estimate/NIAID, many unreported)
  • Campylobacter food poisoning: 2.5 million cases per year (CDC estimate/NIAID); 2 million cases to 8 million cases a year
  • Acute Appendicitis: 25 per 10,000 (age 10-17), 1-2 per per 10,000 (under 4)
  • Enteritis: 12 per 1000 (NHIS95: "enteritis or colitis")
  • Diverticular Disease: 300,000 new cases in the USA 1987 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Gastritis: 313,000 new cases in the USA 1975 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Intestinal obstruction: 6,112 annual cases in Victoria 1996 (DHS-VIC)
  • Endocrine system cancer: 25,520 new cases for endocrine system cancer in the US 2004 (Cancer Facts and Figures, American Cancer Society, 2004)
  • Vibrio parahaemolyticus: 0.25 per 100,000 (DBMD 1997)
  • Vibrio vulnificus: less than 300 cases in 1988-1995 (DBMD)
  • Vibrio: 7 cases in NJ 1998 (NJ DHSS)
  • Breast Milk Jaundice: 0.5%-2.4% of newborns develop breast milk jaundice
  • Norwalk-like viruses: estimated 181,000 cases annually in USA (CDC-OC)
  • Brainerd diarrhea: estimated 5,000-8,000 patients (DBMD)
  • Gastrointestinal Basidiobolomycosis: 6 cases ever in history (CDC-OC)
  • Baylisascaris: fewer than 30 cases have been reported (DPD)
  • Hemorrhoids: 1 million new cases in the USA 1983-87 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994)
  • Colitis: 12 per 1000 (NHIS95: "enteritis or colitis")
  • Small intestine cancer, adult: estimated 5,640 new cases of small intestine cancer will be diagnosed in the US in 2007, National Cancer Institute website
  • Abdominal Hernia: 800,000 new cases in the USA 1985 (NIDDK 1994); 32 per 1000 - NHIS95
  • Inguinal hernia: 500,000 cases (NIDDK)
  • Rotavirus: 3 million cases in the USA each year.
  • Food poisoning: about 76 million cases annually in USA (NIDDK)
  • Trichinosis: 12 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Intussusception: about 2 per 1000 cases in infants
  • Infant botulism food poisoning: 92 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Cyclosporiasis: 56 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
  • Familial polyposis, autosomal recessive: 800 to 1,000 new cases of familial adenomatous polyposis are diagnosed each year in the US, Genetics Home Reference website
  • more types of Digestive Diseases...»

Prevalance of Digestive Diseases:

60 to 70 million people affected by all digestive diseases (1985) (Source: excerpt from Digestive Diseases Statistics: NIDDK)

Incidence statistics for Digestive Diseases:

The following statistics relate to the incidence of Digestive Diseases:

  • 18.9 million noninstitutionalized adults were diagnosed with digestive disorders annually in the US 2001 (Summary Health Statistics for US Adults, 2001, NCHS, CDC)
  • 9.3% of noninstitutionalized adults were diagnosed with digestive disorders annually in the US 2001 (Summary Health Statistics for US Adults, 2001, NCHS, CDC)
  • more statistics...»

Death statistics for Digestive Diseases:

The following statistics relate to deaths and Digestive Diseases:

  • 25 male deaths per 100,000 population for digestive diseases in Australia 1994 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2004)
  • 17 female deaths per 100,000 population for digestive diseases in Australia 1994 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2004)
  • Digestive conditions including gastritis, duodenitis, non-infectious enteritis, and colitis caused 2.2% of deaths for non-neonate infants in USA 1999 [NVSR 2001]
  • Digestive diseases caused 26 male deaths per 100,000 population in Australia 2002 (AIHW Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004)
  • Digestive diseases caused 19 female deaths per 100,000 population in Australia 2002 (AIHW Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004)
  • more statistics...»

More Statistics about Digestive Diseases:

  • Deaths and related statistics
  • Hospitalization statistics
  • Cost statistics
  • All statistics for Digestive Diseases

    About prevalence and incidence statistics:

    The term 'prevalence' of Digestive Diseases usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Digestive Diseases at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Digestive Diseases refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Digestive Diseases diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

    Footnotes:
    1. Rose and Mackay, 1998, The Autoimmune Diseases, Third Edition
    2. Traveller's Diarrhea, CDC/DBMD, Nov 21, 2006
    3. Notifiable Diseases Online, PPHB, Canada, 2000

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