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Hemoptysis is the presence of blood in the sputum. Hemoptysis is graded according to the volume of blood. It points out to pathology in the lungs. The source of the bleeding is usually said to be the bronchial artery. The condition requires immediate treatment. Other symptoms associated along with hemoptysis must be looked into so as to categorize the disease from each other. Acute hemoptysis may present along with breathlessness in cases of pulmonary embolism and mitral stenosis which is a medical emergency. It can also occur in cases of chronic cough such as tuberculosis, bronchiectasis and lung carcinoma. A complete workup of the patient is required to rule out cardiac cause of hemoptysis from that of lung pathology
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