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The most common cause of aortic regurgitation is rheumatic fever and even the mitral valve may be affected. It may occur after infective endocarditis. Aortic regurgitation results in volume overload of the left ventricle and manifests as dyspnea which is the most commonest symptom. It maybe misdiagnosed as pulmonary regurgitation, mitral stenosis, aortic stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus. Infective endocarditis prophylaxis must be considered. Salt reduction, diuretics, digitalis help in relievinhg the condition.
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