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Trigeminal neuralgia is a disorder of the trigeminal nerve. The cause of the condition is unknown. The patient usually suffers from sudden onset of severe unilateral pain along the distribution of the trigeminal nerve which is along the scalp, forehead, eyes, nose, lips and jaw. The onset of the symptoms is usually triggered by brushing teeth, breeze, stress or even just touching the cheek. Due to the nerve distribution pattern patients wrongly assume that the pain could be related to the teeth. The nature of the pain is very severe and is quite stressful for the patient. Ice packs and adequate rest may help. Medications and surgery are the final treatment. In young patients presenting with this condition multiple sclerosis must be ruled out. Other conditions such as cluster headaches and giant cell arteritis must be ruled out.
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