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The Okianawa Diet is based on the diet of the people of Okianawa, who have some of the longest life spans on Earth and generally do not gain weight with age. It is similar to calorie-restriction and anti-aging diets in that it recommends a low calorie diet that limits foods high in fats and empty calories and encouraging foods that are low-calorie and nutrient-dense, such as vegetables. Current research has found that restricting calories in some animals, including monkeys, extends their lives. The assumption is that calorie restriction that includes good nutrition will also extend the lives of people. The Okianawa Diet, like other anti-aging types of diets, is geared toward limiting calories with the goal of improving health and extending life. Unlike some other anti-aging diets, the Okianawa Diet specifically includes the goals of losing excess body fat and maintaining a healthy weight for life. The Okianawa Diet also stresses the importance of increasing exercise and building lean muscle mass to longevity, health and weight loss. The Okianawa Diet stresses eating a wide variety of nutrient-dense, low-calorie foods, including vegetables, which contain the most nutrients for their calorie values and have a low glycemic index. The diet is based on the Okianawa Diet food pyramid. Sugar and processed carbohydrates are to be avoided and high fiber foods are encouraged. Water, black and green teas are also encouraged. The diet also recommends eating plant and lean meat proteins low in saturated fats and with no trans fats. Small amounts of monounsaturated fats and Omega-3 fats should also be a part of the diet. These include fats from olive oil, almonds, hazelnuts, avocados, flax seed oil, and fish such as salmon.
An Okianawa Diet can be a healthy, well balanced way of eating, but adhering to it while still getting sufficient nutrients and calories is difficult. Specific guidance for eating a balanced diet is available in the books, The Okianawa Program and The Okianawa Diet Plan or from a registered dietician. Dieters can also become members to receive online guidance.
Adapting the Okianawa Diet without careful attention to adequate calories and nutrients may lead to nutritional deficiencies such conditions as osteoporosis and weakness. Extreme restriction of calories, which results in rapid weight loss, can slow down the body's metabolism (calorie burning ability). This is a result of the starvation effects that severe calorie restriction puts on the body. Severe calorie restriction may also lead to ketoacidosis, a condition in which extreme calorie and/or carbohydrate lead to dangerously high levels of acids called ketones that build up in the blood and can poison the body. All diets have the potential to be harmful for some people, so consultation with a health care provider before starting this diet plan is recommended.
Other names for this diet (Okianawa Diet) include:
Other diets similar to Okianawa Diet include:
Conditions associated with Okianawa Diet include:
The following foods may be restricted or excluded from Okianawa Diet:
The following foods may be focused on as part of Okianawa Diet:
The following are potential risks or complications of the diet (Okianawa Diet):
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