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Diseases » Emphysema » Glossary

Glossary for Emphysema

  • Adult respiratory distress syndrome: Severe respiratory failure
  • Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency: A rare disorder characterized by the development of lung disease in adults and liver disease in adults and children.
  • Aluminium lung: A respiratory condition caused by breathing in aluminium containing substances such as aluminium ore or a grain preservative called aluminium phosphide.
  • Asbestosis: Lung condition from asbestos exposure
  • Aspergillosis: Infection with a fungus called Aspergillus.
  • Asthma: Repeated attacks of breathing difficulty.
  • Asthma in Adults:
  • Asthma in Children:
  • Asthma-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to asthma, or having similar symptoms.
  • Berry aneurysm, cirrhosis, pulmonary emphysema, and cerebral calcification: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by brain aneurysms, liver cirrhosis, pulmonary emphysema and calcification of the brain (cerebrum).
  • Blue and bloated syndrome: Heart and breathing problems that occur in obese patients that can cause reduced blood oxygenation especially while sleeping.
  • Blue skin: Blueness of the skin
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Bronchiectasis: Chronic bronchiole dilation from secretions and blockages.
  • Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the bronchioles.
  • COPD: Severe obstruction of bronchial air flow typically from bronchitis and/or emphysema.
  • Cadmium poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to cadmium.
  • Cardiomegaly -- bronchitis -- emphysema syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of bronchitis, emphysema and an enlarged heart. The condition is often associated with long-term chronic alcoholism.
  • Centriacinar Emphysema: The abnormal permanent enlargement of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, accompanied by the destruction of the walls and without obvious fibrosis. It begins in the respiratory bronchioles and spreads peripherally
  • Chemical poisoning -- Coal Dust: Inhalation of coal dust can cause various symptoms. The severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of coal dust involved.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sulfuric Acid: Sulfuric Acid is a chemical used mainly in car batteries and in the fur and leather industries. It is a significant component of air pollution and results in the production of "acid rain". Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chronic Bronchitis: Chronic bronchitis is a chronic inflammation of the bronchi (medium-size airways) in the lungs.
  • Chronic lower respiratory diseases: General term for various chronic respiratory diseases including COPD, emphysema and chronic bronchitis
  • Coal worker's pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in coal dust. The condition is generally associated with employees in the coal industry. Symptoms usually resolve when exposure to coal dust stops.
  • Congestive Heart Failure: Inadequate pumping and decline of heart function common in the elderly.
  • Copper poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to copper.
  • Cutis Laxa, Autosomal Dominant: A rare dominantly inherited condition characterized mainly by loose skin.
  • Cutis laxa congenital: A rare connective tissue disorder where an infant is born with loose, elastic skin.
  • Cutis laxa, recessive: A recessively inherited form of cutis laxa which is characterized by loose, inelastic skin and is often associated with other serious internal disorders.
  • Cutis laxa, recessive type 1: A severe, recessively inherited form of cutis laxa which is characterized by loose, inelastic skin and emphysema early in life.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Cystic fibrosis -- gastritis -- megaloblastic anaemia: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by cystic fibrosis, metaloblastic anemia, mental retardation and gastritis due to helicobacter pylori.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, classic type: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by hypermobile joints, joint dislocations and skin hyperextensibility and fragility - a combination of ED types I and II.
  • Emphysema: Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is defined as an abnormal, permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Familial emphysema: A rare genetic form of emphysema caused by a deficiency of alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) which results in destruction of the elastin component of the lung structure. The disorder tends to run in families (familial).
  • Farmer's lung: A condition that affects farmers who are exposed to mouldy hay or crops. The lungs become inflamed due to a hypersensitivity reaction to the exposure.
  • Fibrosing alveolitis: A condition characterized by abnormalities in the fibrous tissues between lung alveoli which results in inflammation.
  • Finger clubbing: The proliferation of soft tissue around the ends of fingers and toes
  • Flail Chest: The separation of a portion of the rib cage from the rest of the chest wall - usually due to trauma. The severity of the condition varies depending on the extent of the damage.
  • Graphite Pneumoconiosis: Lung damage caused by excessive inhalation of graphite. Cases are rare and severity can vary depending on the level of exposure.
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • Homozygotic Alpha 1 antitrypsin Defeciency: Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited disorder that can cause lung disease in adults and liver disease in adults and children
  • Immune defect due to absence of thymus: A congenital disorder where the absence of the thymus results in immune system problems (deficiency of T-Lymphocytes). The thymus is involved in the production of mature functioning T-cells which fight infection.
  • Low alpha-1-antitrypsin: A low amount of alpha-1-antitrypsin found in the body
  • Lung abscess: Pus (abscess) in the lung
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Lung damage: COPD is defined as the destruction of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles and their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Marfan syndrome: A genetic connective tissue disorder involving a defect of chromosome 15q21.1 which affects the production of the fibrillin needed to make connective tissue.
  • Mesothelioma: Type of lung cancer associated with asbestos.
  • Nezelof's syndrome: An immune deficiency disorder where the cells that normally fight infection don't work properly and patients suffer frequent severe infections.
  • Nicotine addiction: Nicotine addiction is the uncontrollable desire to continue smoking. Smoking products contain nicotine which is a chemical that can lead to addiction if used over a period of time. Cessation causes withdrawal symptoms which can vary in nature and severity.
  • Panacinar Emphysema: Panacinary (or panlobular) emphysema is related to the destruction of alveoli, because of an inflammation or deficiency of alpha 1-antitrypsin
  • Panic disorder: It is a severe medical condition characterized by extremely elevated mood.
  • Paracoccidioidomycosis: Infection by the fungus Paracoccidiodes brasiliensis which usually affects the lungs but can also involve the skin, mucous membranes, lymphatic system and other parts of the body.
  • Paraseptal Emphysema: Paraseptal emphysema is a type of emphysema( as abnormal permanent enlargement of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles) which involves the alveolar ducts and sacs at the lung periphery.
  • Pleural effusion: Fluid in the pleural spaces.
  • Pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in air contaminated with particles of dust such as coal, kaolin, asbestos and talc. It is generally an occupation disease where people are exposed to the contaminated air for prolonged periods of time. Generally symptoms stop once the exposure ceases.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Pneumothorax: Air in the pleural spaces around the lungs.
  • Primary Emphysema: It includes Panacinar and Centriacinar emphysema. It is related to the destruction of alveoli, because of an inflammation or deficiency of alpha 1-antitrypsin
  • Primary pulmonary hypertension: Primary pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the arteries that carry blood to the lungs for no apparent reason. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low.
  • Pulmonary embolism: Blocked lung blood vessel often from a blood clot.
  • Rathburn disease: A rare inherited condition involving bone and teeth mineralization abnormalities and reduced phosphatase enzyme activity. The severity of the disorder varies according to the degree of reduction in phosphatase activity.
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • Right heart failure: Heart failure of the right side of the heart
  • Secondary Emphysema:
  • Senior health conditions: Medical conditions affecting seniors, male or female.
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Shortness of breath from exercise: Feeling short of breath from exercise or exertion
  • Silicosis: An occupation lung disease caused by breathing in silica dust.
  • Smokers throat: Irritation or inflammation of the throat caused due to excessive smoking.
  • Smoking: The smoking of cigarettes
  • Smoking-related conditions: Medical conditions related to smoking or other tobacco exposure.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Wheezing: A whistling like continuous sound that is caused by the respiratory system
  • Whooping Cough: An infectious condition caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis


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