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Causes of Enlarged prostate

List of causes of Enlarged prostate

Following is a list of causes or underlying conditions (see also Misdiagnosis of underlying causes of Enlarged prostate) that could possibly cause Enlarged prostate includes:

Enlarged prostate Causes: Male-Female Gender Ratio

Gender of Patients for Enlarged prostate: Men only...more »

Enlarged prostate: Related Medical Conditions

To research the causes of Enlarged prostate, consider researching the causes of these these diseases that may be similar, or associated with Enlarged prostate:

Enlarged prostate: Causes and Types

Causes of Broader Categories of Enlarged prostate: Review the causal information about the various more general categories of medical conditions:

Enlarged prostate as a symptom:

Conditions listing Enlarged prostate as a symptom may also be potential underlying causes of Enlarged prostate. Our database lists the following as having Enlarged prostate as a symptom of that condition:

Medications or substances causing Enlarged prostate:

The following drugs, medications, substances or toxins are some of the possible causes of Enlarged prostate as a symptom. This list is incomplete and various other drugs or substances may cause your symptoms. Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.

What causes Enlarged prostate?

Article excerpts about the causes of Enlarged prostate:
The cause of BPH is not well understood. For centuries, it has been known that BPH occurs mainly in older men and that it doesn't develop in men whose testes were removed before puberty. For this reason, some researchers believe that factors related to aging and the testes may spur the development of BPH.

Throughout their lives, men produce both testosterone, an important male hormone, and small amounts of estrogen, a female hormone. As men age, the amount of active testosterone in the blood decreases, leaving a higher proportion of estrogen. Studies done with animals have suggested that BPH may occur because the higher amount of estrogen within the gland increases the activity of substances that promote cell growth.

Another theory focuses on dihydrotes-tosterone (DHT), a substance derived from testosterone in the prostate, which may help control its growth. Most animals lose their ability to produce DHT as they age. However, some research has indicated that even with a drop in the blood's testosterone level, older men continue to produce and accumulate high levels of DHT in the prostate. This accumulation of DHT may encourage the growth of cells. Scientists have also noted that men who do not produce DHT do not develop BPH.

Some researchers suggest that BPH may develop as a result of "instructions" given to cells early in life. According to this theory, BPH occurs because cells in one section of the gland follow these instructions and "reawaken" later in life. These "reawakened" cells then deliver signals to other cells in the gland, instructing them to grow or making them more sensitive to hormones that influence growth. (Source: excerpt from Prostate Enlargement Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: NIDDK)

Related information on causes of Enlarged prostate:

As with all medical conditions, there may be many causal factors. Further relevant information on causes of Enlarged prostate may be found in:


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