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What is Fetal alcohol syndrome?

What is Fetal alcohol syndrome?

  • Fetal alcohol syndrome: A pattern of mental and physical birth defects caused by excessive alcohol use during pregnancy. The range and severity of the symptoms may vary greatly.
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome: Developmental abnormalities in infants born to alcoholic mothers, including characteristic facial appearance (microcephaly, maxillary hypoplasia, short palpebral fissures, and short upturned nose), growth deficiency, delayed intellectual development, motor retardation, joint abnormalities, poor coordination, and irritability. The pattern of abnormalities varies and may include additional oral, ocular, cardiac, urogenital, cutaneous, and other abnormalities.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome: a medical condition in which body deformation or facial development or mental ability of a fetus is impaired because the mother drank alcohol while pregnant.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Fetal alcohol syndrome is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Fetal alcohol syndrome, or a subtype of Fetal alcohol syndrome, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Fetal alcohol syndrome as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Fetal alcohol syndrome: Introduction

Types of Fetal alcohol syndrome:

Types of Fetal alcohol syndrome:

  • Fetal alcohol effects (FAE) - mild effects from less severe maternal drinking.
  • more types...»

Broader types of Fetal alcohol syndrome:

How many people get Fetal alcohol syndrome?

Incidence (annual) of Fetal alcohol syndrome: 0.9 per 10,000 births (Caucasians); Asians 0.3, Hispanics 0.8, African Americans 6.0, and Native Americans 29.9 (NWHIC).
Incidence Rate of Fetal alcohol syndrome: approx 1 in 755,555 or 0.00% or 359 people in USA [about data]

Who gets Fetal alcohol syndrome?

Racial Information for Fetal alcohol syndrome: The incidence varies as follows per 10,000 total births: Asians 0.3, Hispanics 0.8, Whites 0.9, Blacks 6.0, and Native Americans 29.9. The incidence among Native Americans varies among different tribes. Several factors, including cultural influences, patterns of alcohol consumption, nutrition, and metabolic differences may play a role. Even when adjusted for these factors, the incidence for Blacks remains seven times higher than for Whites, suggesting the potential of a genetic susceptibility to FAS. (Source: excerpt from Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: NWHIC)

How serious is Fetal alcohol syndrome?

Complications of Fetal alcohol syndrome: see complications of Fetal alcohol syndrome

What causes Fetal alcohol syndrome?

Causes of Fetal alcohol syndrome: see causes of Fetal alcohol syndrome

What are the symptoms of Fetal alcohol syndrome?

Symptoms of Fetal alcohol syndrome: see symptoms of Fetal alcohol syndrome

Complications of Fetal alcohol syndrome: see complications of Fetal alcohol syndrome

Can anyone else get Fetal alcohol syndrome?

Inheritance: see inheritance of Fetal alcohol syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Fetal alcohol syndrome.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Fetal alcohol syndrome.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Fetal alcohol syndrome: see treatments for Fetal alcohol syndrome
Research for Fetal alcohol syndrome: see research for Fetal alcohol syndrome

Organs Affected by Fetal alcohol syndrome:

Organs and body systems related to Fetal alcohol syndrome include:

Name and Aliases of Fetal alcohol syndrome

Main name of condition: Fetal alcohol syndrome

Other names or spellings for Fetal alcohol syndrome:

foetal alcohol syndrome, FAS, alcohol, fetal effects of, alcohol [related birth defects], alcoholic embryopathy, FAE (Fetal Alcohol Effects), Growth retardation, facial abnormalities, and central nervous system dysfunction, Alcohol fetopathy, Alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder

Alcohol fetopathy, Alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder, FAE (Fetal Alcohol Effects), FAS, Growth retardation, facial abnormalities, and central nervous system dysfunction, Growth retardation, facial abnormalities, and central nervous system dysfunction, Alcohol fetopathy, Alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder, FAE (Fetal Alcohol Effects)
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Fetal alcohol syndrome: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Fetal alcohol syndrome:

 

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