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Diseases » Flatfoot » Glossary
 

Glossary for Flatfoot

  • Accessory navicular bone: An abnormal bone that develops in the arch in the middle of the foot. Often there are no symptoms but if the bone is large it may rub against shoes and cause problems.
  • Acromesomelic dysplasia, Maroteaux type: A rare genetic syndrome characterized by various developmental abnormalities of the skeletal bones and facial anomalies.
  • Arthrogryposis, distal, type 2B: A form of distal arthrogryposis (joint contractures in ends of limbs) that also involves craniofacial abnormalities.
  • Bruyn-Scheltens syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by limb weakness and muscle wasting in the hands and feet.
  • Chromosome 10p duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the short arm (p) of chromosome 11 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms depend on the amount and location of genetic material duplicated.
  • Craniolenticulosutural dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized by skeletal defects and an unusual facial appearance consisting mainly of a prominent forehead, wide-set eyes, broad nose and a prominent forehead with a birthmark.
  • Dysequilibrium syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation and nonprogressive incoordination.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, classic type: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by hypermobile joints, joint dislocations and skin hyperextensibility and fragility - a combination of ED types I and II.
  • FACES syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, webbed fingers and toes and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Familial hypertryptophanemia: A rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by high levels of tryptophan in the blood. The disorder tends to run in families (familial).
  • Fitzsimmons-Guilbert syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by paraplegia, short fingers and bone abnormalities. The paraplegia progresses slowly.
  • Foot pain: Pain affecting one or both feet
  • Fried syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, buildup of fluid inside the skull and an unusual facial appearance. The disorder is inherted in a X-linked manner.
  • Frontonasal dysplasia - Klippel Feil syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by abnormal fusion of two or more vertebrae in the neck (Klippel Feil syndrome) as well as larynx and voice box abnormalities.
  • Furlong-Kurczynski-Hennessy syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by the association of premature fusion of skull bones with Marfanoid features. The disorder arises from abnormal connective tissue.
  • Guizar-Vasquez-Sanchez-Manzano syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by loose joints, chest deformity and unusual facial appearance.
  • Ischiopatellar dysplasia: A very rare disorder involving abnormal bone development in the legs and pelvis. Other anomalies involving the face and skull may also be involved occasionally.
  • Low birth weight - dwarfism - dysgammaglobulinemia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by low birth weight, short stature and a immune system abnormality.
  • Marfanoid - mental retardation syndrome autosomal: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by psychomotor retardation, a flat face and some symptoms of Marfan syndrome (long arms and legs, tall stature, reduced skin fat and poor muscle tone).
  • Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome: A group of recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by incoordination due to a brain anomaly.
  • Mental retardation - coloboma - slimness: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, retinal coloboma and a slim build.
  • Mental retardation - epilepsy - bulbous nose: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, epilepsy and a bulbous nose. The condition has been reported in only two families.
  • Microbrachycephaly - ptosis - cleft lip: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a small, short head, droopy eyelids and a cleft lip.
  • Neurofaciodigitorenal syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by
  • OFD syndrome type IX: A rare genetic disorder characterized by oral frenula, oral clefts, underdeveloped nose flapss and finger and retinal abnormalities.
  • Odonto onycho dysplasia with alopecia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by tooth, nail and hair abnormalities.
  • Peptidic growth factors deficiency: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by diabetes, skin abnormalities, small jaw and muscle contractures.
  • Pes Planus: A collapse of the arch of the foot, leading to a flattening of the feet.
  • Polydactyly - myopia syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by extra fingers and toes as well as progressive nearsightedness.
  • Posterior tibial tendon rupture: Rupture of the tendon at the bottom of the foot that helps maintain the foot arch. Some people are more prone to this condition than others - e.g. those who are over weight or have a history of flat feet. The pain usually begins on the inside of the foot behind the ankle.
  • Rhizomelic syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short upper arm and thigh bones. Death frequently occurs in early childhood.
  • Sandhaus Ben-Ami syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by an underdeveloped kneecap and other skeletal abnormalities.
  • Say-Field-Coldwell syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by fingerlike thumbs and a dislocated kneecap.
  • Seckel syndrome 3: Seckel syndrome is a rare inherited disorder mainly involving retarded growth, mental retardation, small head and a facial appearance resembling a bird. It is often referred to as bird-headed dwarfism. There are three subtypes of the disorder with type 1 being the most severe.
  • Short stature - hyperkaliemia - acidosis: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature and metabolic abnormality.
  • Shprintzen-Golberg craniosynostosis: A very rare syndrome characterized by premature fusion of skull bones and a Marfanoid appearance, skeletal anomalies and learning problems.
  • Spastic paraplegia 14, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by lower leg spasticity and mild mental retardation.
  • Spastic paraplegia 26, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by progressive weakness of the lower legs. The condition also involves herniation of spinal discs.
  • Spastic paraplegia 3, autosomal dominant: A an early onset, very slow progressing form of spastic paraplegia which involves lower leg spasticity and weakness.
  • Spastic paraplegia 6, autosomal dominant: A rare genetic disorder characterized by progressive leg spasticity and weakness.
  • Spastic paraplegia 9, autosomal dominant: A rare disorder characterized by muscle wasting and weakness mainly in the legs, short stature, skeletal abnormalities and cataracts.
  • Spinal muscular atrophy, Ryukyuan type: A recessively inherited disorder occurring in males from a Japanese inhabitants of Ryukyu Islands. The disorder is characterized by muscle wasting and weakness that affects the lower legs more than the arms.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia - dysmorphism: A rare inherited syndrome characterized by ataxia and unusual facial appearance.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 6: A rare disorder that has neurological origins and causes nonprogressive ataxia, which begins during infancy.
  • Synostosis of talus and calcaneus - short stature: A rare inherited disorder characterized by short stature and fusion of the ankle (talus) bone and the heel bone (calcaneus).
  • Tarsal carpal coalition syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by fused ankle and wrist bones.
  • Tel-Hashomer camptodactyly syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by finger flexion, facial anomalies, short stature and muscle problems.

 

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