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Treatments for Heart disease

Treatments for Heart disease:

Treatment of heart disease begins with prevention. Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or controlled effectively with prevention measures that include regular exercise, not smoking or drinking excessively, achieving and maintaining a healthy weight, and eating a heart-healthy well-balanced diet. Risk factors, such as high cholesterol, diabetes, and hypertension can be prevented or controlled through these lifestyle changes, regular medical care and/or medication.

The risk of developing some forms of congenital heart defects can be minimized by regular prenatal care.

The most effective heart disease treatment plan includes a multifaceted approach that addresses the specific form of heart disease. This includes regular medical monitoring and testing, lifestyle and dietary changes, and may include medications and surgery. Prognosis and outcomes of heart disease vary greatly depending o the type of heart disease, how quickly it was diagnosed and treated, coexisting diseases, lifestyle and other factors.

Treatment of advanced or critical types of heart disease, such as heart attack, heart Failure or serious abnormal heart rhythms, requires hospitalization. Treatment includes the administration of supplemental oxygen aimed at increasing the amount of oxygen that is delivered to the heart tissue. Treatment also involves intensive monitoring and stabilization of vital signs, which may require CPR, advanced life support measures and/or intravenous medications. Breathing may need to be supported by mechanical ventilation. Heart rhythm and cardiac enzymes are also monitored. Abnormal heart rhythms may need treatment with medications and possibly electrical defibrillation.

In a heart attack, medications, such as nitroglycerin, may be used to improved blood flow to the heart. Pain medications, such as morphine, may be used to reduce pain and anxiety and lower the amount of oxygen the heart needs. Drugs that stop the formation of clots, such as aspirin or heparin, may be used. Other drugs may include clot-dissolving drugs that can break up the clot in the coronary artery that is causing a heart attack.

Many people with a heart attack undergo a surgical procedure called an angioplasty. In this procedure, the blood clot is removed from the artery and the artery is widened using a balloon device and a stent is placed in the artery to keep it open.

Less commonly, a more invasive and riskier procedure called a coronary artery bypass is performed. In this surgery new graft arteries are placed to bypass the blocked coronary artery or arteries. Blood flow is then redirected through healthy new graft arteries to the affected heart tissues.

Treatment List for Heart disease

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Heart disease includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • Aspirin - low-dose aspirin may be used to avoid heart attacks. However, because of side effects and risks it is not usually recommended for healthy individuals. Rather, mainly for those with existing heart problems or previous conditions.
  • Digitalis - makes the heart pump harder, also helps some heart rhythm problems.
  • ACE inhibitors
  • Beta-blocker
  • Nitrate (including nitroglycerine)
  • Calcium-channel blocker (CCB)
  • Diuretic
  • Blood cholesterol lowering medications
  • Bypass surgery (Coronary artery bypass graft surgery)
  • Coronary angioplasty (balloon angioplasty)

Alternative Treatments for Heart disease

Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Heart disease may include:

Heart disease: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers

Products, offers and promotion categories available for Heart disease:

Curable Types of Heart disease

Possibly curable types of Heart disease may include:

Heart disease: Research Doctors & Specialists

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Drugs and Medications used to treat Heart disease:

Note:You must always seek professional medical advice about any prescription drug, OTC drug, medication, treatment or change in treatment plans.

Some of the different medications used in the treatment of Heart disease include:

Latest treatments for Heart disease:

The following are some of the latest treatments for Heart disease:

Hospital statistics for Heart disease:

These medical statistics relate to hospitals, hospitalization and Heart disease:

  • 1,075,000 visits were made to hospital outpatient department for heart disease in the US 2002 (National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2001 Summary, NCHS, CDC)
  • 4.4 million hospital discharges were from heart disease in the US 2002 (2002 National Hospital Discharge Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • the average length of stay for hospitalisation for heart disease was 4.6 days in the US 2002 (2002 National Hospital Discharge Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • 4,465,000 hospitalisations in USA 1999 (NHLBI 1999)
  • more hospital information...»

Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Heart disease

Research quality ratings and patient incidents/safety measures for hospitals and medical facilities in specialties related to Heart disease:

Hospital & Clinic quality ratings »

Choosing the Best Treatment Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Heart disease, on hospital and medical facility performance and surgical care quality:

Medical news summaries about treatments for Heart disease:

The following medical news items are relevant to treatment of Heart disease:

Discussion of treatments for Heart disease:

There are three main treatments for heart disease:
  1. Medicine;
  2. "Balloon" angioplasty and other methods to open up the blockage in your arteries; and
  3. Coronary artery bypass surgery.

These treatments work to make the blood flow to the heart muscle better and to lower your chances of having a heart attack. None of these treatments can cure heart disease. In addition to these treatments, you also need to eat healthy, low-fat, low-salt foods and get lots of exercise.

1. Medicine. Taking heart medicine can help more blood flow to the heart muscle by relaxing the arteries that carry blood to your heart, lowering your heart rate, and lowering your blood pressure. Medicine is often the first step in treating heart disease. Some of the medicines used to treat heart disease are nitroglycerin, beta-blockers, and calcium antagonists. If medicine does not work, doctors will try other ways to help get more blood to your heart.

2. "Balloon" Angioplasty and other methods for opening blocked arteries. Balloon angioplasty and other methods are done to open up your blocked arteries. All of these methods are done by putting a small tube into one of the arteries in your leg, moving the tube up to your heart and into the coronary artery which takes blood to the heart. Balloon angioplasty stretches or breaks open the blockage and pushes it to the side of the artery wall. Other methods scrape away the blockage or use a small laser tip to burn or break down the blockage inside the artery. The tube is then removed from your body. Sometimes a stent (a small metal tube) is placed at the blockage site to keep the artery open. The stent stays in your body. With all of these methods, there is a chance that the blockage will return.

3. Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. This is an operation in which a blood vessel is taken from your leg or chest and is put onto the blocked artery. The blood vessel bypasses or goes around the blocked area to bring blood to the heart. A bypass can be done for each blocked artery. Bypass surgery can make your chest pain better and lower the risk of heart attack, but it does not cure heart disease. (Source: excerpt from Coronary Artery Disease (Easy to Read): NWHIC)

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