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Types of Heart failure

Heart failure: Types list

The list of types of Heart failure mentioned in various sources includes:

Curable Types of Heart failure:

  • Nutritional deficiencies related heart failure
  • Hypertension related heart failure
  • Diabetic cardiomyopathy related heart failure
  • Drug induced cardiomyopathy related heart failure
  • Congenital heart disease related heart failure
  • Anemia related heart failure
  • Pregnancy related heart failure
  • Beri beri related heart failure

Rare Types of Heart failure:

  • Cocaine cardiomyopathy related cardiac failure
  • Myocarditis related heart failure
  • Myxedema related heart failure
  • Polycythemia vera related heart failure
  • Carcinoid syndrome related heart failure
  • Thiamine deficiency related heart failure

Types discussion:

NHLBI, Heart Failure: NHLBI (Excerpt)

The term congestive heart failure is often used to describe all patients with heart failure. In reality, congestion (the buildup of fluid) is just one feature of the condition and does not occur in all patients. There are two main categories of heart failure although within each category, symptoms and effects may differ from patient to patient. The two categories are:

  • Systolic heart failure --This occurs when the heart's ability to contract decreases. The heart cannot pump with enough force to push a sufficient amount of blood into the circulation. Blood coming into the heart from the lungs may back up and cause fluid to leak into the lungs, a condition known as pulmonary congestion .

  • Diastolic heart failure --This occurs when the heart has a problem relaxing. The heart cannot properly fill with blood because the muscle has become stiff, losing its ability to relax. This form may lead to fluid accumulation, especially in the feet, ankles, and legs. Some patients may have lung congestion.
(Source: excerpt from NHLBI, Heart Failure: NHLBI)


There are two main categories of heart failure – systolic and diastolic - and within each category, symptoms can differ from person to person. Systolic heart failure happens when the heart’s ability to pump blood decreases. The heart cannot push enough blood into the circulatory system, causing blood coming into the heart from the lungs to back up and leak fluid into the lungs (called pulmonary congestion). Diastolic heart failure occurs when the heart has trouble relaxing or resting. The heart muscle becomes stiff and cannot fill with blood, causing fluid to buildup (most often in the feet, ankles, and legs) and lung congestion (Source: excerpt from HEART AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE: NWHIC)

Heart failure: Rare Types

Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:

Heart failure: Related Disease Topics

More general medical disease topics related to Heart failure include:

Research More About Heart failure


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