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What is Hemolytic uremic syndrome?

What is Hemolytic uremic syndrome?

  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome: A rare condition characterized by acute kidney failure, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia (reduced blood platelet count). The condition is often caused by upper respiratory infections or infectious diarrhea.
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome: Syndrome of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure, with pathological finding of thrombotic microangiopathy in kidney and renal cortical necrosis.
    Source - Diseases Database

Hemolytic uremic syndrome is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Hemolytic uremic syndrome, or a subtype of Hemolytic uremic syndrome, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Hemolytic uremic syndrome: Introduction

Types of Hemolytic uremic syndrome:

Types of Hemolytic uremic syndrome:

Broader types of Hemolytic uremic syndrome:

How many people get Hemolytic uremic syndrome?

Incidence (annual) of Hemolytic uremic syndrome: 202 cases of postdiarrheal HUS in 28 USA states 2001 (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 2003)
Incidence Rate of Hemolytic uremic syndrome: approx 1 in 1,346,534 or 0.00% or 201 people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Hemolytic uremic syndrome: 1999: 181 cases in 26 States (Source: excerpt from Kidney and Urologic Diseases Statistics for the United States: NIDDK)

Who gets Hemolytic uremic syndrome?

Patient Profile for Hemolytic uremic syndrome: Mostly young children under 10

How serious is Hemolytic uremic syndrome?

Complications of Hemolytic uremic syndrome: see complications of Hemolytic uremic syndrome
Prognosis of Hemolytic uremic syndrome: Ninety percent of children with HUS who receive careful supportive care survive past the initial harrowing stages of the condition, and most of those will have no long-term effects. But between 10 percent and 30 percent of the survivors will have kidney damage that leads to permanent kidney failure either immediately or over the course of several years. (Source: excerpt from Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: NIDDK)

What causes Hemolytic uremic syndrome?

Causes of Hemolytic uremic syndrome: see causes of Hemolytic uremic syndrome

What are the symptoms of Hemolytic uremic syndrome?

Symptoms of Hemolytic uremic syndrome: see symptoms of Hemolytic uremic syndrome

Complications of Hemolytic uremic syndrome: see complications of Hemolytic uremic syndrome

Duration of Hemolytic uremic syndrome: 1-15 days

Hemolytic uremic syndrome: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Hemolytic uremic syndrome.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Hemolytic uremic syndrome.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Hemolytic uremic syndrome: see treatments for Hemolytic uremic syndrome
Research for Hemolytic uremic syndrome: see research for Hemolytic uremic syndrome

Organs Affected by Hemolytic uremic syndrome:

Organs and body systems related to Hemolytic uremic syndrome include:

Name and Aliases of Hemolytic uremic syndrome

Main name of condition: Hemolytic uremic syndrome

Other names or spellings for Hemolytic uremic syndrome:

HUS, Acute renal failure, thrombocytopenia, and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia associated with distorted erythrocytes ('burr cells'), D+HUS, Diarrhea prodrome + HUS

Haemolytic uraemic syndrome, Moschcowitz syndrome, TTP, Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, Gasser syndrome, HUS Source - Diseases Database

Acute renal failure, thrombocytopenia, and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia associated with distorted erythrocytes ('burr cells'), D+HUS, Diarrhea prodrome + HUS, HUS, Acute renal failure, thrombocytopenia, and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia associated with distorted erythrocytes ('burr cells'), D+HUS, Diarrhea prodrome + HUS
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Hemolytic uremic syndrome: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Hemolytic uremic syndrome:

 

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