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Diseases » HTLV-1 » Glossary

Glossary for HTLV-1

  • Adult T-Cell leukemia: A form of blood cancer affecting the T-cells which make up the body's immune system. The disease is caused by the HTLV-1 virus (human T-cell leukemia virus) which causes the proliferation of abnormal T-cells. The virus can be transmitted sexually and may lay dormant for decades. There are four subtypes: acute, chronic, lymphoma and smoldering. The acute and lymphoma subtypes have the poorest prognosis.
  • B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia: A slow progressing disease involving cancerous B-cell lymphocytes which take over the healthy cells in the lymph nodes. B-cells help the body to fight infections so when the disease becomes more advanced, the body is less able to fight infection as there are fewer healthy, functioning B-cells.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Diseases contagious from blood: Diseases that can be contracted from blood
  • Diseases contagious from blood transfusion: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Diseases contagious from breast milk: Diseases that can be contracted from a mothers breast milk
  • Diseases contagious from intravenous needles: Diseases that can be contracted from intravenous needles
  • Diseases contagious from sex: Diseases that can be contracted through sexual contact
  • Diseases contagious from vaginal sex: Diseases that can be contracted through the act of vaginal sex
  • HTLV: Virus associated with affecting the immune system.
  • HTLV-1: Virus affecting the immune system and associated with a particular leukemia/lymphoma.
  • Human T Cell Leukemia Virus 1: A type of retrovirus that can infect a type of white blood cell called T cells and result in leukemia. The infection can be spread by sexual contact, breast feeding, transfusions and sharing syringes.
  • Immune disorders: Disorders that affect the immune system
  • Immune symptoms: Symptoms affecting the immune system
  • Myelopathy: Myelopathy is any disease process that effects the spinal cord.
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: A type of lymphoma, a cancer affecting lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Pure red cell aplasia: A rare blood cell disorder where there is a sudden decrease in the number of red blood cells (erythrocytes) produced by the bone marrow.
  • Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: A form of spastic partial paralysis of the lower limbs which occurs in the tropics
  • Uveitis: A condition which is characterised by the inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  • Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus


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