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Diseases » Human Papillomavirus » Contagiousness
 

Is Human Papillomavirus Contagious?

Transmission of Human Papillomavirus from Person to Person

Human Papillomavirus is considered to be contagious between people. Generally the infectious agent may be transmitted by saliva, air, cough, fecal-oral route, surfaces, blood, needles, blood transfusions, sexual contact, mother to fetus, etc.
Human Papillomavirus, although infectious, is not a genetic disease. It is not caused by a defective or abnormal gene.
The contagious disease, Human Papillomavirus, can be transmitted:

  • by sexual conduct between people.
  • from the mother to her fetus.
  • from person to person by saliva, air, coughing, contact, surfaces, fecal-oral route, etc.

Contagion summary:

The types of HPV that infect the genital area are spread primarily through sexual contact. Most HPV infections have no signs or symptoms; therefore, most infected persons are completely unaware they are infected, yet they can transmit the virus to a sex partner. Rarely, pregnant women can pass HPV to their baby during vaginal delivery. A newborn that is exposed to HPV during delivery can develop warts in the larynx (voice box). (Source: excerpt from HPV: DSTD)

Genital warts are very contagious and are spread during oral, genital, or anal sex with an infected partner. About two-thirds of people who have sexual contact with a partner with genital warts will develop warts, usually within three months of contact. (Source: excerpt from Human Papillomavirus and Genital Warts, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

About contagion and contagiousness:

Contagion and contagiousness refers to how easily the spread of Human Papillomavirus is possible from one person to another. Other words for contagion include "infection", "infectiousness", "transmission" or "transmissability". Contagiousness has nothing to do with genetics or inheriting diseases from parents. For an overview of contagion, see Introduction to Contagion.

 

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